Rosenbauer conceives the future – today!

From megatrend to firefighting trend

The challenges of our time.

Rosenbauer Concept Fire Truck

CFT technology in response to fire department megatrends.

The megatrends of our time are shaping the future of the fire service.

In order to be prepared for future framework conditions and requirements, one tries to sketch prognoses about future changes in the world and the potential living conditions by means of studies and research work. Rosenbauer's innovation and research area uses not only scientific principles and expert knowledge, but also the tools of trend and future research.

Twelve megatrends, for example, are taken up by the Zukunftsinstitut. According to research, these have long been present in society and will also radically change it, but have not yet fully achieved a breakthrough.

The fire brigade trend map is intended to support the reader in dealing critically with possible future events as well as the technological and social change that will affect the fire brigades as well as their organization and technology.

 

// POLYLINES START HERE // POLYLINES END HERE // Burgundy Line // DOTS END HERE // MAIN DOTS START HERE // MAIN DOTS END HERE Connectivity Connectivity Gender Shift Gender Shift Silver Society Silver Society Individualization Individualization Mobility Mobility Globalization Globalization Knowledge Culture Knowledge Culture Neo-Ecology Neo-Ecology Urbanization Urbanization New Work New Work Health Health Security Security Policy Policy Dynamism Dynamism Migration Migration Speed Speed // MAIN DOT TITLES END HERE // CONNECTOR LINES START HERE // CONNECTOR LINES END HERE // Gray Outlines // START GRAY LINE Agingpopulation Golden mentors Active aging Foreveryoungsters Universaldesign Supportive tools Smart userinterface Lifelonglearning Talentism // START ORANGE LINE Social networks Information visualization 3D printing Artificialintelligence Smart devices& apps Digitalmissionplanning tools Digital twin Smartwearables Monitoring Dependencyon electricity Privacy E-Health Cyber-crime Smart home(protection) Out- / indoorpositioning& navigation Predictiveanalytics Platformeconomy Augmented &mixed reality Personalizedcontent Real-Digital Industry4.0 Post-growtheconomy Autonomous systems Robotics 24/7society Internetof things Autonomousdriving Smart data Omni-channelling Digitalnative Collaboration Training &education Crowd-sourcing Digitalliteracy Automation Crisis-proofcommunication Manipulationof information Seamlessmobility Lastmile delivery Smart cities Sharingeconomy UAV // START PURPLE LINE Healthprevention Operationalsafety Fitnesslifestyle Operational hygiene Mind-body-fitness Healthliteracy Quality of life Mindfulness Performance pressure Corporatehealth Healingarchitecture // START GOLD LINE Ungenderedlifestyle Female firefighters Diversity Womanomics Work-Lifeblending // START BURGUNDY LINE Non-linear lifestyle Nomadism We-culture Everyday outsourcing New workingcultures Talent recruiting Volunteering Masscustomization Do-it-yourself Micro-housing //START BROWN LINE Carsharing GreenTechnology Megacities &condensed spaces Alternativeenergy source Danger from alter- native energy sources Danger ofbattery fires E-Mobility Energy revolution Micro-mobility Trafficvolume // START TEAL LINE Globalmigration Risky halfknowledge Legal bases Gamification Manualskills Openknowledge Complexity inurban planning // START GREEN LINE Cradle2Cradle Zero waste Global/Local Climate crisis &natural disasters Urbanfarming Alternative emergencypower supply Globalthreats Alternativefinancing // START LIGHT-BLUE LINE Populationgrowth Mergingfire departments Ruralexodus // START BLUE LINE Multipolarworld order Neo-nationalismvs. generation global Transparencymarkets Terrorism& aggression // START DARK-BLUE LINE Simplexity Flexicurity Super-safe society Authority acceptance Trusttechnology // START RED LINE Service economy Permanent beta Daytimeavailability
// POLYLINES START HERE // POLYLINES END HERE // Burgundy Line // DOTS END HERE // MAIN DOTS START HERE // MAIN DOTS END HERE Connectivity Connectivity Gender Shift Gender Shift Silver Society Silver Society Individualization Individualization Mobility Mobility Globalization Globalization Knowledge Culture Knowledge Culture Neo-Ecology Neo-Ecology Urbanization Urbanization New Work New Work Health Health Security Security Policy Policy Dynamism Dynamism Migration Migration Speed Speed // MAIN DOT TITLES END HERE // CONNECTOR LINES START HERE // CONNECTOR LINES END HERE // Gray Outlines // START GRAY LINE Agingpopulation Golden mentors Active aging Foreveryoungsters Universaldesign Supportive tools Smart userinterface Lifelonglearning Talentism // START ORANGE LINE Social networks Information visualization 3D printing Artificialintelligence Smart devices& apps Digitalmissionplanning tools Digital twin Smartwearables Monitoring Dependencyon electricity Privacy E-Health Cyber-crime Smart home(protection) Out- / indoorpositioning& navigation Predictiveanalytics Platformeconomy Augmented &mixed reality Personalizedcontent Real-Digital Industry4.0 Post-growtheconomy Autonomous systems Robotics 24/7society Internetof things Autonomousdriving Smart data Omni-channelling Digitalnative Collaboration Training &education Crowd-sourcing Digitalliteracy Automation Crisis-proofcommunication Manipulationof information Seamlessmobility Lastmile delivery Smart cities Sharingeconomy UAV // START PURPLE LINE Healthprevention Operationalsafety Fitnesslifestyle Operational hygiene Mind-body-fitness Healthliteracy Quality of life Mindfulness Performance pressure Corporatehealth Healingarchitecture // START GOLD LINE Ungenderedlifestyle Female firefighters Diversity Womanomics Work-Lifeblending // START BURGUNDY LINE Non-linear lifestyle Nomadism We-culture Everyday outsourcing New workingcultures Talent recruiting Volunteering Masscustomization Do-it-yourself Micro-housing //START BROWN LINE Carsharing GreenTechnology Megacities &condensed spaces Alternativeenergy source Danger from alter- native energy sources Danger ofbattery fires E-Mobility Energy revolution Micro-mobility Trafficvolume // START TEAL LINE Globalmigration Risky halfknowledge Legal bases Gamification Manualskills Openknowledge Complexity inurban planning // START GREEN LINE Cradle2Cradle Zero waste Global/Local Climate crisis &natural disasters Urbanfarming Alternative emergencypower supply Globalthreats Alternativefinancing // START LIGHT-BLUE LINE Populationgrowth Mergingfire departments Ruralexodus // START BLUE LINE Multipolarworld order Neo-nationalismvs. generation global Transparencymarkets Terrorism& aggression // START DARK-BLUE LINE Simplexity Flexicurity Super-safe society Authority acceptance Trusttechnology // START RED LINE Service economy Permanent beta Daytimeavailability

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Gender Shift

01 - 06

Gender Shift

The megatrend "Gender Shift" shows a fundamental change in the classic gender role distribution in our world. More and more women are interested in the fire service, whereas men are increasingly working in domains that are largely dominated by women. Equality is also an important keyword in the fire service.

02 - 06

Ungendered lifestyle

The future is gender neutral. Jobs, leisure activities or lifestyles are no longer determined according to clichés and role models, but are increasingly chosen according to individual preferences.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the fire service, too, it could become more and more important to keep the marketing activities for recruiting new fire fighters gender-neutral in order to address women, men, people of different sexuality or non-gender equally. 

03 - 06

Female firefighters

The fire department opens. More and more women are joining a domain that has so far been dominated by men.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Individual initiatives for more women in the fire brigade have already been set - here one could push the special recruitment of women further.
  • The increase in women in the fire service makes it necessary to create the appropriate infrastructure in depots or to adapt the existing one.
  • In some cases it may also be necessary to pay attention to the aspect of the maximum muscular load capacity of women. In this regard, factors such as ease of manipulation with regard to the carrying weight and suitable removal options for operational devices should be given special consideration.
  • It is particularly important to ensure that there is no room for sexual discrimination or even harassment and that a gender-neutral environment is created.

04 - 06

Diversity

Diversity is increasingly seen as an opportunity - be it differences in terms of age, gender & orientation, origin, cultural background or focus of education.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to remain interesting for young people in the future, it will be important to position yourself as a fire brigade as a progressive institution. Attention should be paid to a gender and culture-neutral environment in which diversity is recognized as an enrichment and clichés are not given any room.
  • Due to increasing migration, more immigrants could join the fire services in the future, whereby the diversity trend is becoming more explosive.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

05 - 06

Womanomics

Gender equality and the increasing influence of women in the economy are increasing steadily, albeit slowly. This is particularly noticeable in the fact that more and more women are holding management positions.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The times in which the fire service was exclusively associated with the male gender are increasingly over. More and more women are joining the fire service. They are also no longer uncommon in management positions.

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06 - 06

Work-life blending

Describes the ideal combination of private and professional life. This requires new approaches on the part of employers that enable more flexible working models.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Especially for professional fire brigades, the trend towards an increased merging of private and professional life could become an increasingly relevant topic. For example, opportunities could be created here that enable children to be looked after in day care centers directly in the fire station. 

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01 - 06

Gender Shift

Connectivity

01 - 45

Connectivity

Digitalisation, Internet of Things, Industry 4.0, Smart Products, Big Data - many new disciplines are coming together under the megatrend "connectivity". Essentially, they all pursue a similar goal - comprehensive networking based on modern Internet and communication technologies. However, the resulting dependence on new technologies is increasingly presenting itself as a challenge, as, for example, the pressure to be constantly available and online is growing.

02 - 45

Social networks

Social networks such as Facebook, Snapchat, WhatsApp or Twitter are deeply anchored in our everyday lives and also form a central interface for organizations to communicate with customers, employees and other stakeholders.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Social networks and media can have many advantages for fire departments:
    • Possibility of community formation (blogs or forums) among the fire brigades for the purpose of exchanging experiences and exchanging equipment and vehicles
    • Means to improve the image or to create closeness to the citizen and transparency among the population, which is all done by the fire brigade
    • A suitable means of recruiting members - especially in the field of youth fire brigades
    • Etc.
  • In addition to advantages, social networks also offer attack surfaces for fire brigades, for which digital reputation as a trust organization sometimes plays a special role:
    • Publication of breakdowns by third parties
    • Photos & videos of victims by fire fighters or third parties
    • Danger of shitstorms
    • etc. (See Macrotrend Data protection).
  • Here it is important to teach attentive handling of information on the Internet that arises around the fire service and to create appropriate awareness.

03 - 45

Information visualization

Describes the increasing need to prepare information and data lakes graphically in such a way that they are easy to understand and so that connections can also be easily recognized.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, fire service outfitters will continue to promote the intuitive, tidy & uniform design of human-machine interfaces for vehicle and device controls as well as of deployment management systems and apps.
  • In addition, new display options such as augmented reality solutions integrated in protective equipment (e.g. in the helmet visor) could represent an option for the clear visualization of relevant information. 
  • In the course of this trend, the individual, target group-oriented presentation of information could also be a significant advantage. Only the most relevant information for the respective role would be shown (see Macrotrend Personalized content). 
  • In the sense of easy retrieval of information, operating instructions including videos and simulations, for example, could in future be retrieved online and thus by the fire brigades on site via smartphone or the deployment management system.

04 - 45

3D printing

Describes the increasing spread and application of the additive manufacturing process 3D printing, in which a wide variety of objects can be produced by applying material (plastic, metal, powder etc.) in layers.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The spreading technology of 3D printing can be beneficial for fire fighters in many ways:
    • Individual requests could still be realized in later production phases
    • Possibility to manufacture spare parts for operational devices on demand
    • Etc.

05 - 45

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) deals with the automation of "intelligent" behavior and machine learning. Most of the time, attempts are made to program computers so that they can independently process tasks and solve problems.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Artificial intelligence can play an extremely central role for the fire service in the future and even revolutionize it. Fed with the right data, you can:
    • the procurement of resources, but also operations, dangers or operational risks are planned or identified in advance
    • Scenarios about operational sequences or escape behavior of people are created in a more targeted manner
    • Robots, drones etc. act autonomously and optimize themselves
    • Downtimes and service times of vehicles and equipment can be predicted more precisely
    • etc. (See Macrotrend Predictive Analytics)

06 - 45

Smart devices & apps

Describes all mobile electronic devices that, with the help of sensors, are able to process information and exchange it with other networked systems. In particular, the programs (apps) running on them make these devices practical tools.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Smart devices will also play an increasingly central role in the fire service in the future. For example, they could be integrated in the operational clothing, record and monitor vital and environmental data (body temperature, heart rate, gases, etc.) (see Macrotrends Health Monitoring & Intelligent Clothing). Special care is required here from a data protection point of view (see Macotrend Data Protection).
  • In addition to being used in protective equipment, smart devices and corresponding (smartphone) apps can support operational management and thus increase operational efficiency (see Macrotrend digital operational management tools).
  • In the future, it would be conceivable to establish a certain degree of standardization (certification) as a central requirement for fire service apps.
  • Furthermore, an AI-controlled "master app", which recognizes which applications are currently required depending on the application scenario and time, could provide support in the future. In this way, the effectiveness and a good overview of these applications could be guaranteed.

07 - 45

Digital mission planning tools

Describes digital, intelligent tools that support the operations manager or the operations control center in handling an operation.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the fire service, digital operational management toolsare increasingly used by emergency services, for example:
    • Route navigation and hazard overview
    • Capture and overview of the situation report
    • Vehicle & equipment monitoring
    • Vital signs monitoring of the squad
    • Retrieval of object, vehicle or hazardous substance data
    • Interface to sensor or camera systems
    • Mission documentation & follow-u
    • Etc.

08 - 45

Digital twin

A Digital Twin is a digital equivalent to a physical or virtual object or process from the real world.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • With the help of digital twins, for example, simulations of operational scenarios can be carried out as operational training under extremely realistic conditions.
  • Furthermore, this technology could in future offer the possibility of comprehensively analyzing fire fighting vehicles or equipment in virtual form or calculating scenarios in relation to the respective object. For example, conclusions could be drawn about the efficiency of operational processes or predictions regarding service and repair work (see Macrotrend Predictive Analytics).

09 - 45

Smart wearables

Describes the use of sensors integrated in garments that communicate with other smart devices and, for example, detect and pass on information about the condition of people or clothing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Personal protective equipment is getting smarter. Equipped with various sensors, the health well-being of the emergency services is to be monitored on the one hand and supported by providing information on the other.
  • Intelligent, connected clothing requires an appropriate power supply, i. H. it must be guaranteed that batteries or rechargeable batteries are always charged. Alternatively, the functional principle of energy harvesting could be used as a permanent and low-maintenance energy supply.
  • It should also be noted that integrated electronics and functions must function perfectly even under the most adverse conditions (heat, moisture, dirt particles, washing cycles, etc.).
  • Smart devices can be permanently integrated into the turnout gear or they can also be designed as adaptable and therefore variably usable solutions.

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10 - 45

Überwachung

Technische Möglichkeiten zur Überwachung von Menschen, sei es in Bezug auf deren Aufenthaltsort, Bewegungsmuster, Konsumverhalten, Vitaldaten etc. finden immer stärker im Alltag Gebrauch. Städte setzen im Zuge dessen auch vermehrt auf Überwachungskameras.

Mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Feuerwehr:

  • Zukünftig werden die Möglichkeiten zur (Gesundheits-) Überwachung der Einsatzkräfte beispielsweise in Bezug auf Vitaldaten oder die Indoor-Positionierung bei Atemschutzeinsätzen zunehmen (Siehe Macrotrends Gesundheitsüberwachung & Out- / Indoor-Tracking & Navigation)
  • Auch wird zukünftig die Überwachung & Dokumentation des Einsatzablaufes mittels Luftüberwachung (z. B. Drohnen) zunehmen.
  • Der Fernzugriff auf Kamerasysteme und Sensorik ermöglicht umfassendes Sicherheitsmonitoring von Systemen und Gebäuden.

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11 - 45

Dependency on electricity

Due to the increasing electrification of many systems in different areas of life, the uninterrupted availability of electricity is becoming increasingly important.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The probability of blackout scenarios increases with increasing power consumption (digitization, automation, etc.), which would also pose enormous challenges for the fire service:
    • In the event of a blackout, the availability of emergency services could be severely limited - especially the availability of volunteers, as these would also be directly affected by the blackout.
    • The availability of fuel, indirectly (filling stations for combustion engines) or directly (electric drives) could be severely limited or paralyzed.
    • Communication tools or networks (battery-operated devices, cell phones and radio antennas that may not be able to operate for a longer period of time) could be severely restricted in their functionality or be paralyzed.
    • Traffic and transport routes would also most likely be affected by the failure of traffic lights and traffic control systems.
    • The emergency power supply of certain systems such as cooling systems, ventilation systems in industrial plants, agriculture etc. would be particularly important in this case.
  • A large part of the fires is caused by electricity (approx. 30% in Germany). With the increase in electricity consumers and battery-operated devices in the household, the potential risk of fires increases.
  • In addition to an increasing number of electricity consumers, the structures for local electricity production (e.g. photovoltaic systems, home battery storage systems, etc.) could also represent an additional hazard potential as a possible source of fire.

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12 - 45

Privacy

Privacy and data protection are becoming more important. Where privacy now has to be actively created and thus become a technical on-off option (e.g. cookies), data protection becomes more sensitive (GDPR).

Mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Feuerwehr:

  • Preserving the privacy and identity of victims (e.g. privacy protection in the event of accidents) and emergency services is becoming a more important issue that needs to be actively managed.
  • The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is becoming more and more relevant in the fire service context. In this regard, for example, more than ever, the careful and legally compliant handling of personal data such as B. Care should be taken when publishing pictures of people on the Internet or in the press or when processing the data of fire service members. The topic of data recording for (health) monitoring of fire brigade members should also be considered here.
  • As a result, the requirements for access security, internal fire brigade information or databases will also increase. Furthermore, the topic of identity management can also gain in importance in the area of operating emergency vehicles and devices. 
  • Also to be considered is the careful private handling of, for example, pictures & videos of missions or exercises that are shared in social networks, WhatsApp groups or the like. Social networks offer undreamt-of attack surfaces for individual emergency services or tactics / procedures during operations. Here the danger of so-called shit storms triggered by mishaps filmed during operations or the non-compliant use of fire fighting equipment could become a significant problem.

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13 - 45

E-health

Describes digital technologies (apps, fitness bands, smartwatches, etc.) that are used for health care and medical self-regulation. By transmitting, storing and processing the data, conclusions can be drawn about the state of health of the respective person.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the heavy physical strain during operations, exercises or performance checks, the trend of health monitoring in the fire service context is of particular importance. Smart, networked personal protective equipment and devices that are necessary for this could be useful in different situations:
    • Warning of the emergency services in the event of critical health parameters and vital data (e.g. blood pressure, body temperature, oxygen content, etc.) and forwarding to persons in charge of operations (operations management system) or control centers
    • Warning of the emergency services about health-endangering situations (e.g. spreading gases, impending flashover, carbon dioxide content, etc.), for example in the course of respiratory protection
    • Etc.
  • In addition to support during the mission or during exercises, tools for health monitoring could also be used in advance as a possible basis for decision-making about the operational capability of the respective emergency worker (digital vital key).
  • It should be noted that smart, networked clothing requires an appropriate power supply, which subsequently means that batteries are always sufficiently charged.
  • Integrated functions must function perfectly even under extreme conditions such as heat, moisture, cold, etc. - that means the firefighter must be able to rely on them.
  • The subject of data protection must be taken into account when monitoring the health of emergency services (see Macrotrend Data protection).

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14 - 45

Cybercrime

Crime that is committed with the help of information and communication technology and is "facilitated" by the anonymity of the Internet - e.g. B. digital industrial espionage, identity abuse, forgery and hacking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The dependency on digital technology can also lead to increased unpredictable failures, caused by deliberate cyber attacks. For example, offline access should therefore be possible to operational data such as fire protection plans etc. 
  • The increasing networking of fire brigades and their vehicles and devices increases the susceptibility to cyber attacks ("hostile takeover" of fire brigades, devices, drones, ...). 
  • Hacking autonomously driving vehicles, traffic light controls or critical infrastructures such as power plants could also be used to cause accidents, traffic jams, etc.

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15 - 45

Smart home (protection)

In a smart home, devices, building services and smart devices are intelligently networked with one another. The main advantages are safety, energy efficiency and comfort.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing prevalence of smart home devices such as B. intelligent smoke alarms can lead to more security in terms of early fire detection. Furthermore, for example, the power can be switched off remotely via the 'smart grid' and sensors or cameras can be controlled or accessed remotely, which can have advantages in the event of damage.
  • However, (longer) power failures could lead to system problems such as (partial) failures. House storage systems, which are often connected to the 'smart grid', could also represent an additional source of danger. In addition, there may be an increased number of false alarms triggered by home alarms.

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16 - 45

Out / indoor positioning & navigation

Various sensors and transmission technologies (GPS, LPWAN, NFC, Wi-Fi, etc.) enable people or objects to be tracked and navigated, not only outdoors but also inside buildings.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to find their way better and faster in unknown, smoky parts of the building and rooms, emergency services could use a map of the building displayed (e.g. on a tablet, head-up display, etc.) to track their position or the route to the emergency site. While one is still dependent on corresponding building data (fire protection plans, building plans) and sensor-technical infrastructure (beacons, WLAN, etc.), in the future the built-in sensors on mobile units could support navigation in unknown buildings.
  • The exact location of emergency services supports the operations manager with tactical measures and thereby significantly increases their safety.

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17 - 45

Predictive analytics

Describes the analysis and evaluation of existing amounts of data in order to be able to make predictions of events or behavior. For this purpose u. a. self-learning algorithms used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Predictive maintenance: Evaluation of vehicle / device data in order to identify errors or defective parts at an early stage so that they can be replaced in good time. This prevents major damage that would result in a longer breakdown of a vehicle or device.
  • Data analysis can help with operational planning. For example, in the case of impending heavy rain events, those regions could be identified that have a high probability of flooding and would have to take appropriate precautions.
  • Likewise, probabilities with regard to the occurrence of forest fires could possibly be calculated so that they can be recognized in good time and fought faster and more effectively.
  • Traffic jams and extra-tour traffic obstructions could be taken into account when calculating emergency trips in order to determine the "fastest" route for emergency services.

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18 - 45

Supportive tools

This essentially means technologies and tools that make everyday life easier, especially for older people and people with physical disabilities (age-appropriate assistance systems / ambient assisted living). This applies, among other things, to communication and information technologies, but also to technical tools such as exoskeletons.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Rescue workers are still operational even at an advanced age. Equipment and devices should therefore be designed accordingly (in particular their operation, ergonomics, weight, etc.) and assistance should be provided for their operation.
  • This could be remedied, for example, by power-supporting technical systems such as exoskeletons, etc. to compensate for physical weaknesses of emergency services.

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19 - 45

Smart user interface

Where Universal Design aims at the hardware-technical design of objects, an intelligent user interface should allow the user the best possible form of intuitive operation of a digital man-machine interface.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The controllability of complex systems will be guaranteed for the operator through the greatly simplified operating logic.
  • In operations, speed and clarity are essential for a successful operation and are supported by intelligent assistance.

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20 - 45

Platform economy

Describes an economic form in which digital, marketplace-like platforms represent the basis for information and data exchange as well as business transactions. In most cases, the platform itself acts as an intermediary.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Platforms could also play a more central role in the fire service in the future. On the one hand, volunteers could be mobilized (e.g. Team Austria) or the vehicles and tools required in the event of major damage could be conveyed via relevant (communication) platforms.
  • Digital platforms not only enable the simple exchange of fire service-specific information, but also have the potential to network fire service vehicles, equipment and building and city infrastructure as a comprehensive ecosystem.

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21 - 45

Augmented & mixed reality

So-called augmented reality is the computer-aided expansion of the - primarily visual - perception of reality. The real world is therefore supplemented by artificially created additional information or virtual objects.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the field of vision of the firefighter (for example in the helmet visor, in the AS mask, at the DLK control station), additional, mission-relevant information could be displayed.
  • During repair / service activities, function / repair instructions can be displayed in AR glasses or smartphone, which support the service employee on site in his work. Smaller repairs could therefore also be carried out relatively easily by the fire brigades themselves.

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22 - 45

Personalized content

Today, content can reach the user in a personalized, context-based and proactive manner. They not only adapt dynamically to devices, but also to environmental data, preferences, social connections and even moods.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards personalized content could be used in the fire service to the effect that information is optimized and adapted accordingly depending on the situation or "role", i.e. depending on whether, for example, an operations manager, control center staff or a squad leader operates a human-machine interface.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

23 - 45

Real-digital

Real-digital means the merging of the real and the digital world. The real physical world as we know and experience it is constantly being expanded to include digital dimensions.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigade emergency services are now supported in many ways by digital technologies in real operations and in training. Be it in the provision of information at the scene of action using deployment management tools, AR-supported navigation aids or virtual training and education options on simulators.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

24 - 45

Industry 4.0

This fourth industrial revolution describes the increasing networking of (production) processes with the help of modern information and communication technology. The aim is to optimize the entire value creation process through the meaningful integration of people and machines.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition, networking across the entire value chain could shorten production times and increase transparency in the entire supply chain.
  • Closely related to these developments is the Internet of Things trend, whose application scenarios and possibilities also strongly influence Industry 4.0 (see Macrotrend Internet of Things)

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25 - 45

Post-growth economy

The world economy is growing increasingly weaker. In order for a company to be less dependent on economic growth in the future, alternative models will be needed that move away from pure profit maximization towards ecological, social management.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development makes it necessary in some areas to extend the service life, especially for vehicles, but also for equipment and tools.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

26 - 45

Autonomous systems

(Partially) autonomous systems are equipped with cameras, radar and ultrasound sensors, are networked with their environment and are able to complete tasks independently without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Autonomous operational support systems such as extinguishing robots can reduce the risk of the emergency teams in hazardous areas such as B. in chemical fires, in earthquake areas, when deployed in fire objects at risk of collapse, etc.
  • Furthermore, autonomous extinguishing systems that independently detect and extinguish hot spots or sources of fire could reduce the safety risk of the emergency services and also free up the otherwise necessary operating personnel for other activities.
  • In the future, it would be conceivable that blue light organizations would have access to autonomous vehicles in an emergency in order to be able to move them out of the danger area or to free escape routes, for example.

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27 - 45

Robotics

Robotics goes beyond the automation of production processes. Robots are increasingly able to interact with the human environment and thus support people and expand their scope of action.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The robotics trend could affect the fire service in the future in that repetitive or overly dangerous activities, e.g. B. (partially) autonomous vehicles, robots or drones. Aspects such as efficiency, operational reliability or the basic feasibility could be optimized or even guaranteed in the first place.
  • The development could also lead to the increased use of extinguishing robots and automatic extinguishing systems (stationary fire protection).
  • Robotics & autonomous systems can also provide relief when there is a shortage of personnel in the fire service.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

28 - 45

24/7 society

The lifestyle is becoming more flexible and mobile - the classic "9-5 work rhythm" is being softened. As a result, the availability of services and goods around the clock is becoming increasingly important.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development could accelerate the expansion of online configurators & shops for fire fighting equipment and spare parts (e.g. via 3D printing).
  • Furthermore, the expansion of the service availability of fire service outfitters in order to be able to solve problems around the clock could be pushed further. For example, remote service tools (e.g. AR / VR solutions, data glasses, etc.) could be used for this.
  • The permanent availability of data and the access to infrastructure systems for situation management will become an essential requirement.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

29 - 45

Internet of things

Describes the increasing need to prepare information and data lakes graphically in such a way that they are easy to understand and so that connections can also be easily recognized.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, fire service outfitters will continue to promote the intuitive, tidy & uniform design of human-machine interfaces for vehicle and device controls as well as of deployment management systems and apps.
  • In addition, new display options such as augmented reality solutions integrated in protective equipment (e.g. in the helmet visor) could represent an option for the clear visualization of relevant information.
  • In the course of this trend, the individual, target group-oriented presentation of information could also be a significant advantage. Only the most relevant information for the respective role would be shown (see Macrotrend Personalized content).
  • In the sense of easy retrieval of information, operating instructions including videos and simulations, for example, could in future be retrieved online and thus by the fire brigades on site via smartphone or the deployment management system.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

30 - 45

Autonomous driving

(Semi) autonomous vehicles have the potential to avoid traffic jams and accidents in the future and to ensure more efficiency and safety.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The frequency of accidents will be reduced by autonomous vehicles in road traffic. However, the failure of the systems could lead to significant damaging events.
  • In addition, problems could arise for the time being due to the mixture of autonomous vehicles and vehicles that are driven by humans.
  • With regard to the fire service, autonomously controlled or assistance-supported emergency vehicles could better avoid accidents when driving to the emergency site.

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31 - 45

Smart data

Describes the collection, processing and analysis of large, exponentially growing amounts of data (big data). The use of the extracted meaningful information also increasingly serves as a source of new added value across industries.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The recording of fire engine and equipment data can be used in the sense of predictive maintenance for an early detection of impending problems or damage.
  • Using big data analysis, the usage behavior of vehicle and equipment machinists can be analyzed. The knowledge gained from this can be used to optimize configurations and controls, as well as product design and material selection.
  • The tracking of vital data or movement profiles of the emergency services on site can be used for the analysis of deployment strategies and for the optimization of personal protective equipment.
  • Information such as geo-data of locations as well as the frequency of operations that are collected by control centers can be used for more efficient planning of service locations including crew.
  • Big data can also be used to better predict fires or the behavior of fire, for example in the event of forest fires.
  • BIM data (Building Information Modeling) could also be used to control operations and thus offer advantages in the course of operations.

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32 - 45

Omnichannelling

In order to optimize contact with customers or the customer experience itself, a mix of sales and contact channels (store, online shop, social media, chats, etc.) is increasingly being used.

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33 - 45

Digital native

Describes the generation that (almost) no longer knows a world without the Internet. Digital technologies and new media are a matter of course for them and a central tool in order to be able to develop their creativity in the digital world.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The digital capabilities of this generation can be used in different ways by fire departments, such as B .:
    • for creating & operating programs and apps that support operational activities
    • for the support and graphic design of advertising campaigns and social media channels (events, recruitment, etc.)
    • Etc.
  • If necessary, experienced online research can help solve the problem (troubleshooting, digital instructions, etc.).
  • To reach, recruit and organize this young generation, it needs to be addressed through the right digital channels and in the right way. For example, high-quality & interactive content on platforms such as YouTube, Instagram or TikTok could be used for recruitment or services such as WhatsApp or Snapchat could be used for communication.

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34 - 45

Collaboration

Working together and sharing knowledge is trendy. On the one hand, digital tools are often used for fast, time and location-independent collaboration, on the other hand, co-working spaces are being created in many places: (temporarily rentable) shared offices.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards increased collaboration is also becoming more and more relevant in the fire service. In particular, inter-municipal cooperation between emergency organizations, cities / municipalities and authorities and associations could become more and more central. On the one hand, synergy effects could e.g. B. in relation to the procurement or utilization of vehicles and equipment. On the other hand, various challenges such as B. the reduced daily availability of emergency services in some places can be mastered better (see Macrotrend merging of fire brigades).
  • One way to cope with the challenges with regard to daily availability could be the authorization of fire fighters to work with several fire departments (at home / at work).
  • Another form of collaboration consists in exchanging knowledge with other fire departments regarding operations, exercises, products, etc.
  • It would also be important to ensure that there is no competition among the fire services and that they are pulled together.
  • Digital collaboration tools are also increasingly used in the fire service for coordination and training purposes, especially during the Corona era.
  • Collaboration can also take place in the sense of virtual operational management support (cf. Telearzt).

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35 - 45

Training & education

Around the trend of lifelong learning, the range of (online) further education opportunities is increasing - from individual courses at (distance) universities to regional educational institutions and online courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing range of tasks of the fire brigade generally requires more extensive training.
  • In the fire services sector, too, the range of subject-specific training opportunities at different educational institutions could increase in the future.
  • Fire-brigade-specific theoretical knowledge could also be offered via online course platforms such as "Udemy". 

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36 - 45

Crowdsourcing

Crowdsourcing is made up of the two terms "crowd" and "outsourcing" and describes the joint innovation, development and elaboration of (product) ideas, solutions or knowledge (know-how).

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards crowdsourcing could also play an increasingly important role in the fire service. The cooperation (co-creation) between fire service outfitters and fire services could be (further) accelerated in the future by integrating fire services into the development process in order to improve existing vehicles or equipment or to develop new ones.

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37 - 45

Digital literacy

The increasing merging of the real and digital world leads to the necessity of an intensive examination of the challenges that digitization brings with it. Therefore, extensive digital literacy is required for both individuals and organizations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Digitalization is also finding its way more and more into fire fighting vehicles, emergency equipment, communication systems, etc. In order to be able to use these, emergency services must be trained in the use of digital devices and media.
  • Dealing with digital devices & media therefore also requires appropriate training. Particularly against the background of the rapid pace of change, further training offers in the area of digital competence building are becoming more and more relevant.

 

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38 - 45

Automation

Describes the increasing takeover of mostly repetitive activities or tasks by artificial systems that can work without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, more and more tasks in the areas of operational documentation, load detection, etc. could be handled in an automated form in the future.

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39 - 45

Crisis-proofcommunication

Where the advancing digitization enables comprehensive networking on the one hand, it also offers attack surfaces e.g. B. for cyber attacks or blackout scenarios. A redundant and thus fail-safe design of emergency communication networks is therefore essential.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Above all in crisis situations where emergency organizations such as fire brigade, rescue and disaster control have to function, fail-safe communication networks are essential.

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40 - 45

Manipulation of information

It has never been easier to forge information. With the ability to create deepfakes with the help of artificial intelligence or to spread fake news at lightning speed via social media, the credibility of any information content is increasingly being tested.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • False information regarding fire services, which is spreading like wildfire on social media, for example, can also become an immense challenge for fire services.
  • The risk that images, videos or sound recordings, on which alleged errors or incorrect actions by the emergency services can be seen or heard, could be specifically manipulated and distributed.

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41 - 45

Seamless mobility

Describes a seamless network of mobility solutions. The focus is no longer on the choice of means of transport (car, bicycle, train, etc.), but on the transport from A to B itself.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Because young people in particular make significant use of this variety of mobility, the question arises whether future fire fighters will also have their own car across the board. Depending on the situation, this could have an impact on the rapid availability of fire fighters during operations. Here, alternatives are needed for how volunteers get to the fire station or mission.

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42 - 45

Last mile delivery

Describes the challenge for logistics companies to deliver items purchased online as quickly, efficiently and conveniently as possible for the end customer in order to keep the delivery time as short as possible. The last mile is particularly demanding here.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the steadily increasing number of online orders, delivering parcel delivery vans will additionally increase urban areas in particular. In the event of an emergency, this can lead to problems with the accessibility of the fire brigade.
  • In addition, autonomous delivery transport systems (delivery robots, delivery drones, etc.) could hinder fire service operations in the future.
  • However, autonomous transport drones could also be envisaged as on-demand transporters for fire-fighting equipment (from the fire station to the place of use).

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43 - 45

Smart cities

The approach looks for intelligent systems for holistic solutions to problems in cities. In Smart Cities, for example, the coexistence of residents should become more sustainable and livable through the use of new technologies and strong networking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Smart cities can enable smart route planning, which optimizes emergency trips, for example, depending on the traffic load, switches traffic lights in a targeted manner or supports the creation of emergency lanes. With the help of GPS data, for example, deployment locations can be identified and the emergency services can automatically navigate to them.
  • Mobile deployment management systems can use data from the infrastructure of buildings or public places as well as from vehicles and people to access information such as site plans, the number of people involved, possible dangers or the extent of the damage, which enables the emergency team to act more specifically.
  • Data that are available through networking in urban areas could be used in warning systems that might also sound the alarm themselves. For example, in heavy rain, where the sewer system has reached its limits in some places, the risk of flooding could be identified more quickly and counteracted in a targeted manner. From a more general point of view, artificial intelligence can also be used in this context, on the one hand to improve preventive hazard detection and to make operational processes more efficient (see Macrotrend Artificial Intelligence).
  • In addition to the advantages offered by a Smart City, networking can also be abused for criminal activities (see Macrotrend Cyberattacks).
  • Smart homes, which are both an opportunity and a danger at the same time, are part of 'intelligent' cities (see Macrotrend Smart Home (Protection)).

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44 - 45

Sharing economy

“Use instead of owning” is the motto - the sharing idea has already expanded to large areas of the business world and has become a new value creation model.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The sharing idea could also become an increasingly important topic in the fire service. For example, the number of base fire brigades could increase, where loan equipment such as submersible pumps or special vehicles could be offered in the event of major incidents or one could even release specially trained emergency services for missions outside of one's own operational area.

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45 - 45

UAV

Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles that can either act independently or have to be operated and controlled by humans from the ground. You can use it for different tasks such as B. serve as a flying eye or as load and transport systems.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the future, drones could be used in fire services for a wide variety of purposes:
    • Situation investigation & deployment monitoring from the air
    • Localization & measurement of toxic substances (dangerous goods)
    • Active operational support
    • Search & rescue of people and missing persons (heavy-duty drones)
    • Fighting fires in hard-to-reach places
    • Equipment transport and operational support (light source, ...)
    • Etc.
       
  • In the future, however, drones will not only bring advantages. Due to the increased use of both unmanned (private use, delivery drones, fire service drones, etc.) and manned aircraft (e.g. air taxis), the following aspects must be observed:
    • Due to the higher number of drones, a "compression" of the airspace is to be expected, which can pose new challenges to fire brigades, especially when deployed
    • More drone crashes can be expected, which opens up a new source of danger
    • The legal basis for this still has to be created in part
    • Etc.

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01 - 45

Connectivity

Health

01 - 17

Health

A new level of health awareness is not only finding its way into the private sector, but also into fire brigades. Among other things, fire brigades are increasingly focusing on reducing stress and on the consistent observance of operational hygiene. Health no longer means the opposite of illness, but rather an awareness of the balance of individual life energy and quality.

02 - 17

Health prevention

Prevention has become an important pillar of health care and a growing health awareness. It is becoming a self-reliant task and is made easier by easier access to information and data-driven health care with the help of digital applications.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend of health prevention plays a very central role in the fire service context. In an emergency, emergency responders are exposed to enormous mental stress, which can even manifest themselves in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and to immense physical stress. With regard to physical stress, the treatment of the topic of 'fire cancer', which describes cancer formation as a long-term consequence of working in the fire service, is becoming increasingly important.
  • In this context, it is becoming more and more important to take preventive analyzes and measures at an early stage to ensure the mental and physical integrity of emergency services. In this regard, topics such as 'peer care', 'black-and-white separation' or cancer preventive examinations will have to be dealt with more and more and care measures after a fire must be strictly observed. (See Macrotrend Operational Hygiene)
  • The implementation of precautionary measures in clothing and equipment, which minimize the risk of injury and ensure physical and mental integrity, should also be pushed further.

03 - 17

Smart wearables

Describes the use of sensors integrated in garments that communicate with other smart devices and, for example, detect and pass on information about the condition of people or clothing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Personal protective equipment is getting smarter. Equipped with various sensors, the health well-being of the emergency services is to be monitored on the one hand and supported by providing information on the other.
  • Intelligent, connected clothing requires an appropriate power supply, i. H. it must be guaranteed that batteries or rechargeable batteries are always charged. Alternatively, the functional principle of energy harvesting could be used as a permanent and low-maintenance energy supply.
  • It should also be noted that integrated electronics and functions must function perfectly even under the most adverse conditions (heat, moisture, dirt particles, washing cycles, etc.).
  • Smart devices can be permanently integrated into the turnout gear or they can also be designed as adaptable and therefore variably usable solutions.

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04 - 17

Operational safety

In our societies, the need for security is steadily increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In operations where many unexpected situations have to be taken into account as well as possible in advance in order to make active operations always safer within the framework of the circumstances. The hero idea must be taken into account through risk awareness and sensible deployment support systems such as robots or drones.

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05 - 17

E-health

Describes digital technologies (apps, fitness bands, smartwatches, etc.) that are used for health care and medical self-regulation. By transmitting, storing and processing the data, conclusions can be drawn about the state of health of the respective person.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the heavy physical strain during operations, exercises or performance checks, the trend of health monitoring in the fire service context is of particular importance. Smart, networked personal protective equipment and devices that are necessary for this could be useful in different situations:
    • Warning of the emergency services in the event of critical health parameters and vital data (e.g. blood pressure, body temperature, oxygen content, etc.) and forwarding to persons in charge of operations (operations management system) or control centers
    • Warning of the emergency services about health-endangering situations (e.g. spreading gases, impending flashover, carbon dioxide content, etc.), for example in the course of respiratory protection
    • Etc.
  • In addition to support during the mission or during exercises, tools for health monitoring could also be used in advance as a possible basis for decision-making about the operational capability of the respective emergency worker (digital vital key).
  • It should be noted that smart, networked clothing requires an appropriate power supply, which subsequently means that batteries are always sufficiently charged.
  • Integrated functions must function perfectly even under extreme conditions such as heat, moisture, cold, etc. - that means the firefighter must be able to rely on them.
  • The subject of data protection must be taken into account when monitoring the health of emergency services (see Macrotrend Data protection).

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06 - 17

Out / indoor positioning & navigation

Various sensors and transmission technologies (GPS, LPWAN, NFC, Wi-Fi, etc.) enable people or objects to be tracked and navigated, not only outdoors but also inside buildings.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to find their way better and faster in unknown, smoky parts of the building and rooms, emergency services could use a map of the building displayed (e.g. on a tablet, head-up display, etc.) to track their position or the route to the emergency site. While one is still dependent on corresponding building data (fire protection plans, building plans) and sensor-technical infrastructure (beacons, WLAN, etc.), in the future the built-in sensors on mobile units could support navigation in unknown buildings.
  • The exact location of emergency services supports the operations manager with tactical measures and thereby significantly increases their safety.

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07 - 17

Supportive tools

This essentially means technologies and tools that make everyday life easier, especially for older people and people with physical disabilities (age-appropriate assistance systems / ambient assisted living). This applies, among other things, to communication and information technologies, but also to technical tools such as exoskeletons.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Rescue workers are still operational even at an advanced age. Equipment and devices should therefore be designed accordingly (in particular their operation, ergonomics, weight, etc.) and assistance should be provided for their operation.
  • This could be remedied, for example, by power-supporting technical systems such as exoskeletons, etc. to compensate for physical weaknesses of emergency services.

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08 - 17

Fitness lifestyle

Sport is now fundamentally anchored in our conception of quality of life. However, instead of pure self and performance optimization, the focus is increasingly on feeling good in one's own body.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since the physical performance of the emergency services is an important prerequisite, the trend towards a fitness lifestyle can benefit the fire brigade to the effect that emergency services become more sporty, healthier and mentally fitter.
  • Here you could create additional incentives for fire brigade members to stay physically fit. For example, one could make contributions to fitness studios cheaper or omit them as well as other incentives such as B. Introduce fitness badge.

09 - 17

Operational hygiene

Pollutants from the place of use can get into the bedroom at home. The fault is mostly your own negligence and a lack of black and white separation. Consistent action and structural measures in terms of black and white separation can serve to protect against the spread of pollutants.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The subject of emergency hygiene is becoming more and more important in the fire service. Comprehensive and thorough cleaning and care measures as well as a holistic operational hygiene concept (before, during and after use) become a central component.
  • In addition, contact with contaminated material or toxic substances should generally be avoided if possible.
  • Routines in the hygiene process increase the demands on the operational equipment in terms of general resistance.

10 - 17

Active aging

People want to stay active even after their active work phase. Mental training and maintaining physical fitness are part of everyday life for more and more people, even after retirement.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Older people want to stay active even after retirement and get actively or passively involved in the volunteer fire service. In some (federal) states, for example, the age limit for members in active service has been raised.
  • Increasing the age limit for fire brigade members can also improve the daily availability of the emergency services.

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11 - 17

Mind-body fitness

Trend towards a holistic understanding of health, which also focuses on sports and leisure activities that not only make you physically and mentally fit, but also bring you back into resonance - with others, the environment, yourself. It's about reflecting on it what is good.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • A holistic health assessment is also becoming more and more central in the fire service, where in addition to physical fitness, mental health is becoming increasingly important. In the future, opportunities could be offered to bring body, mind and soul into harmony. This can be achieved through breathing techniques and meditation.
  • Furthermore, preventive psychological coaching could be promoted in this context, for example to be better prepared for extreme situations.
  • Likewise, after stressful missions, the use of peer groups or PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) programs could be forced.

12 - 17

Health literacy

Health literacy is an increasingly important skill for many people. They form their own opinion from different sources about disease prevention and health promotion for the purpose of maintaining their quality of life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Nowadays a lot of health concerns are researched on the internet before consulting a specialist for diagnosis. A generally applicable health concept developed by associations would be helpful in this context.

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13 - 17

Quality of life

Describes the pursuit of a high quality of life, in which aspects such as a healthy lifestyle, a fulfilling social life and a satisfactory work-life balance are the focus.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In terms of quality of life, new incentives must also be set in the fire service:
    • Reduction of as many risks as possible for emergency services to a minimum
    • Targeted alerting of necessary emergency services
    • Aspects such as ergonomics, safety, weight etc. are gaining in importance
    • Sufficient rest phase through good readiness coordination among colleagues
    • Etc.

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14 - 17

Mindfulness

Is the counter-trend to permanent overstimulation and describes the increased interest in thinking back on oneself and in pausing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to better prepare fire fighters physically and mentally for the incident, psychological and physical preparation and follow-up are becoming more important. Prudence in dealing with one's own body and consideration for draumatic experiences that have to be worked through will receive more mindfulness.

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15 - 17

Performance pressure

Due to the increasing merging of work and leisure (work-life blending), the pressure to perform at work (stress) can also increasingly affect private life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Increasing pressure to perform in professional life could sometimes inhibit willingness to volunteer for the fire brigade and thus have a negative effect on regular participation in exercises or availability during (night) missions.
  • It should also be noted that a lack of time caused by pressure to perform could hinder meaningful training and further education of managers in the fire service area.
  • In addition to the pressure to perform in the work environment, the workload for fire departments outside of the actual fire service activities is also increasing (GDPR, public relations, administrative work, etc.).

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16 - 17

Corporate health

Providing health-promoting work environments is becoming a strategic management task (health management). This creates working environments that are supposed to relieve the employees mentally and physically.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The optimization of working conditions to maintain the health and motivation of employees is seen more and more as a priority and is also an increasingly important topic for (professional) fire services. To this end, initiatives could be taken in the following areas:
    • Use of exoskeletons to assist in lifting or moving heavy loads
    • New procedures and forms of deletion as well as comprehensive security measures
    • Establishment of health infrastructure in depots such as sports and fitness facilities, relaxation areas and nap rooms
    • Motivate firefighters to adopt a healthier, more sporty lifestyle
    • Etc.
  • Fire service associations could play an initiating role in these issues and act as drivers.

 

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17 - 17

Healing architecture

Describes the consideration of health-related aspects in the design and architecture of objects or room surfaces. The focus is on people's wellbeing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The Healing Architecture trend could be of particular relevance in the fire brigade context, since suitable recreational areas are all the more important after energy-sapping and grueling missions. For example, more living building materials, more greenery or water elements could be planned for new depots in order to create a pleasant, relaxing room climate and thus an oasis of calm for fire fighters.
  • Thinking further, buildings could in future also "protect themselves" in the event of an escalation, and thus also the people affected.

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01 - 17

Health

Security

01 - 31

Security

Increasing global prosperity on the one hand, and unbalanced economic, political and ecological conditions coupled with the climate crisis on the other, lead to a growing need for security. Migration movements challenge established cultural and security concepts. Since emergency services and fire brigades are seen as essential pillars of security, this also leads to additional challenges.

02 - 31

Simplexity

Describes the increasing need for simple, intuitive operability and thus user-friendliness of complex systems or programs - because simplicity is central to a successful user experience with human-machine interfaces.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since fire brigades are constantly having to deal with new devices due to the increasing range of tasks they have to `` practice '' and master, intuitive and simple operation both in standard use and in emergency situations where rapid action is required increasingly central role. The complexity of the technology in the devices must not hinder or deter the operator.
  • Furthermore, a simple, standardized graphic design of digital teaching materials, human-machine interfaces or the like could be promoted, which contribute to an improved understanding of fire-fighting technology and deployment tactics.

03 - 31

Operational safety

In our societies, the need for security is steadily increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In operations where many unexpected situations have to be taken into account as well as possible in advance in order to make active operations always safer within the framework of the circumstances. The hero idea must be taken into account through risk awareness and sensible deployment support systems such as robots or drones.

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04 - 31

Überwachung

Technische Möglichkeiten zur Überwachung von Menschen, sei es in Bezug auf deren Aufenthaltsort, Bewegungsmuster, Konsumverhalten, Vitaldaten etc. finden immer stärker im Alltag Gebrauch. Städte setzen im Zuge dessen auch vermehrt auf Überwachungskameras.

Mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Feuerwehr:

  • Zukünftig werden die Möglichkeiten zur (Gesundheits-) Überwachung der Einsatzkräfte beispielsweise in Bezug auf Vitaldaten oder die Indoor-Positionierung bei Atemschutzeinsätzen zunehmen (Siehe Macrotrends Gesundheitsüberwachung & Out- / Indoor-Tracking & Navigation)
  • Auch wird zukünftig die Überwachung & Dokumentation des Einsatzablaufes mittels Luftüberwachung (z. B. Drohnen) zunehmen.
  • Der Fernzugriff auf Kamerasysteme und Sensorik ermöglicht umfassendes Sicherheitsmonitoring von Systemen und Gebäuden.

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05 - 31

Privacy

Privacy and data protection are becoming more important. Where privacy now has to be actively created and thus become a technical on-off option (e.g. cookies), data protection becomes more sensitive (GDPR).

Mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Feuerwehr:

  • Preserving the privacy and identity of victims (e.g. privacy protection in the event of accidents) and emergency services is becoming a more important issue that needs to be actively managed.
  • The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is becoming more and more relevant in the fire service context. In this regard, for example, more than ever, the careful and legally compliant handling of personal data such as B. Care should be taken when publishing pictures of people on the Internet or in the press or when processing the data of fire service members. The topic of data recording for (health) monitoring of fire brigade members should also be considered here.
  • As a result, the requirements for access security, internal fire brigade information or databases will also increase. Furthermore, the topic of identity management can also gain in importance in the area of operating emergency vehicles and devices. 
  • Also to be considered is the careful private handling of, for example, pictures & videos of missions or exercises that are shared in social networks, WhatsApp groups or the like. Social networks offer undreamt-of attack surfaces for individual emergency services or tactics / procedures during operations. Here the danger of so-called shit storms triggered by mishaps filmed during operations or the non-compliant use of fire fighting equipment could become a significant problem.

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06 - 31

Cybercrime

Crime that is committed with the help of information and communication technology and is "facilitated" by the anonymity of the Internet - e.g. B. digital industrial espionage, identity abuse, forgery and hacking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The dependency on digital technology can also lead to increased unpredictable failures, caused by deliberate cyber attacks. For example, offline access should therefore be possible to operational data such as fire protection plans etc. 
  • The increasing networking of fire brigades and their vehicles and devices increases the susceptibility to cyber attacks ("hostile takeover" of fire brigades, devices, drones, ...). 
  • Hacking autonomously driving vehicles, traffic light controls or critical infrastructures such as power plants could also be used to cause accidents, traffic jams, etc.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

07 - 31

Smart home (protection)

In a smart home, devices, building services and smart devices are intelligently networked with one another. The main advantages are safety, energy efficiency and comfort.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing prevalence of smart home devices such as B. intelligent smoke alarms can lead to more security in terms of early fire detection. Furthermore, for example, the power can be switched off remotely via the 'smart grid' and sensors or cameras can be controlled or accessed remotely, which can have advantages in the event of damage.
  • However, (longer) power failures could lead to system problems such as (partial) failures. House storage systems, which are often connected to the 'smart grid', could also represent an additional source of danger. In addition, there may be an increased number of false alarms triggered by home alarms.

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08 - 31

Predictive analytics

Describes the analysis and evaluation of existing amounts of data in order to be able to make predictions of events or behavior. For this purpose u. a. self-learning algorithms used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Predictive maintenance: Evaluation of vehicle / device data in order to identify errors or defective parts at an early stage so that they can be replaced in good time. This prevents major damage that would result in a longer breakdown of a vehicle or device.
  • Data analysis can help with operational planning. For example, in the case of impending heavy rain events, those regions could be identified that have a high probability of flooding and would have to take appropriate precautions.
  • Likewise, probabilities with regard to the occurrence of forest fires could possibly be calculated so that they can be recognized in good time and fought faster and more effectively.
  • Traffic jams and extra-tour traffic obstructions could be taken into account when calculating emergency trips in order to determine the "fastest" route for emergency services.

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09 - 31

Flexicurity

Hidden security describes the omnipresent conflict between the desired security and the necessary agility or willingness to take risks. This is understood to mean the need to compromise between security needs and flexibility requirements.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The complexity (of the technology), which ensures product safety on the one hand and reliability on the other, must not hinder or deter the operator when using it, but must nevertheless be designed to be intuitive and simple. Here, "security" can also be aesthetically pleasing through function-oriented design.
  • Aspects such as ergonomics and usability in the operation of products and emergency equipment can make a significant contribution to the safety of the emergency services.
  • Devices and systems must be designed to support security and be so intelligent that operating errors are not permitted or prevented at all.

10 - 31

Super-safe society

Describes the positive development in security affinity in almost all areas. If you ignore current developments, namely Covid-19, we are actually living in one of the safest times of all.

Possible effects on fire services: 

  • The safety and reliability of all equipment and vehicles are becoming more and more important (e.g. occupant protection)
  • The topic of long-term consequences in dangerous operations is increasingly being discussed and gaining in importance.
  • The direct endangerment of emergency services should be minimized to the effect that z. B. buildings no longer have to be entered.
  • Since the violence against emergency services increases, it is becoming more and more important to protect them with the help of appropriate protective clothing.
  • Preventive fire protection is becoming more important. Smart, networked fire alarms are also being used more and more often in your own private four walls.
  • Products, technologies and services that increase the safety of the emergency services are gaining in importance (e.g. respiratory protection monitoring / tracking).
  • In the course of the increased need for security, the importance of emergency site hygiene is also increasing for the emergency services, with awareness of the dangers of contaminated operational clothing, contaminated fire fighting water, etc. being heightened.
  • Legal security, i.e. legal protection through insurance products, could also become more relevant for fire service members in the future.

11 - 31

Authority acceptance

The young generation is redefining authority and the acceptance of people with higher hierarchical positions - competence, experience and correct communicative interaction are decisive for respect.

Possible effects on fire services: 

  • The change in the younger generation's understanding of authority could become a challenge in the fire service, where compliance with strict hierarchies is sometimes essential.

12 - 31

Micro housing

Describes the trend towards the smallest possible living space, taking into account the highest possible quality of life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification of living spaces means that there is an increased risk potential per m2 of living space.

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13 - 31

Neo-nationalism vs. generation global

Describes the emerging social opposing poles in the field of tension between protectionist attitudes of right-wing populist movements in some countries on the one hand and a growing generation that thinks, lives and acts globally on the other.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • National policy could lead to a country's defense and armaments expenditure being prioritized from a budgetary point of view, which could result in a lack of financial resources in the area of security and disaster control, which affects the fire service.
  • Global challenges (e.g. natural disasters due to climate change or large-scale forest fires), which also directly affect the fire service, may require cross-border cooperation.

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14 - 31

Alternative emergency power supply

Due to the increasing dependence on electricitythe need for an alternative power supply is increasing, which apart from the conventional power grid also provides energy in emergency and crisis situations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • It is becoming more and more relevant for fire brigades to be energy self-sufficient both during operations and stationary in order to be prepared for blackout scenarios.

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15 - 31

Globale migration

Describes the ongoing trend of global population migration. In many countries, migration can be seen as an opportunity and an important counter-trend to an aging population with low birth rates and an increasing shortage of skilled workers.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Increasing migration can have a major impact on the fire service in many ways. Linguistic or sociocultural differences as well as mental health (e.g. war trauma) can pose great challenges. The following aspects must be considered here:
     
    • When refugees make emergency calls, there may be obstacles due to language barriers. This requires emergency call centers with multilingual staff.
    • In other cultures, uniformed persons could be misunderstood as part of the state power or they could be associated with bad experiences in the course of the flight (lack of trust in the emergency services).
    • In some cultures, the necessary assistance in an emergency could be misunderstood as an unwanted intrusion into the private sphere (e.g. intrusion by firefighters into rooms in which Muslim women are not veiled).
    • If migrants join voluntary fire brigades, there could be problems of understanding for the time being. The use of translation apps could possibly overcome the first hurdles here. Furthermore, a simple, graphic or multilingual design of content, such as digital teaching materials, human-machine interfaces or the like, can overcome initial language barriers.
    • A person who has moved here (migrant) is not familiar with the area.
       
  • Despite possible obstacles, clubs, but also organizations such as the volunteer fire brigade, could be a good opportunity for newcomers to integrate more quickly. Advertising measures by the fire brigade as a first step, as well as fast onboarding processes, would make sense. However, one should note the uncertainty regarding the long-term whereabouts of migrants in the respective location.

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16 - 31

Risky halfknowledge

"Half-knowledge" means that a lot of information and supposed knowledge is obtained from a wide variety of sources, above all from the Internet, without reflection and without checking. In addition, the risk of using fake news as a source of knowledge increases.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire service-specific skills are no longer learned to the required extent in many places, which is sometimes due to the increasing number of emergency devices. In the event of an emergency, this can lead to fatal errors.
  • Here it would be necessary to build up the required knowledge through self-initiative in the context of training courses, exercises, experiments and simulations. Among other things, platforms that serve the exchange of knowledge and experience can be helpful for this.
  • Due to the increasing abundance of fields of activity and equipment, the scope of learning is increasing. This creates the risk that basic processes are not practiced and learned well enough.

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17 - 31

Transparency markets

Origin, regionality and responsibility become important purchasing arguments. Consumers want to know where products come from, how and by whom they were made. Blockchain technology can be used as a suitable means for the required transparency.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Aspects such as the traceability of the product origin or the (manipulation-) secure access to information on system descriptions could become more transparent in the future, for example through the use of blockchain technology.

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18 - 31

Terrorism & aggression

The number of terrorist acts as well as the (perceived) aggression in society has increased in some places over the past decade.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the threat to the general population, emergency services from blue-light organizations, including firefighters, are exposed to insults or violent attacks.
  • Even if only sporadically, there are repeated terrorist attacks with catastrophic consequences for the local population. In such cases, emergency services are faced with enormous challenges for which it is necessary to equip and prepare as best as possible. 

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19 - 31

Trust Technology

Not only economic interests, but also aspects such as transparency, trust and security are becoming essential elements in the development of new technologies or applications. For example, the GDPR also contributes by providing data protection and privacy-friendly default settings directly in the development.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Aspects such as emergency operation modes, system reliability and failure safety are becoming increasingly important and also a prerequisite. In this context, the early detection of errors and thus the avoidance of failures play an important role.

20 - 31

Automation

Describes the increasing takeover of mostly repetitive activities or tasks by artificial systems that can work without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, more and more tasks in the areas of operational documentation, load detection, etc. could be handled in an automated form in the future.

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21 - 31

Crisis-proofcommunication

Where the advancing digitization enables comprehensive networking on the one hand, it also offers attack surfaces e.g. B. for cyber attacks or blackout scenarios. A redundant and thus fail-safe design of emergency communication networks is therefore essential.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Above all in crisis situations where emergency organizations such as fire brigade, rescue and disaster control have to function, fail-safe communication networks are essential.

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22 - 31

Manipulation of information

It has never been easier to forge information. With the ability to create deepfakes with the help of artificial intelligence or to spread fake news at lightning speed via social media, the credibility of any information content is increasingly being tested.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • False information regarding fire services, which is spreading like wildfire on social media, for example, can also become an immense challenge for fire services.
  • The risk that images, videos or sound recordings, on which alleged errors or incorrect actions by the emergency services can be seen or heard, could be specifically manipulated and distributed.

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23 - 31

Smart cities

The approach looks for intelligent systems for holistic solutions to problems in cities. In Smart Cities, for example, the coexistence of residents should become more sustainable and livable through the use of new technologies and strong networking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Smart cities can enable smart route planning, which optimizes emergency trips, for example, depending on the traffic load, switches traffic lights in a targeted manner or supports the creation of emergency lanes. With the help of GPS data, for example, deployment locations can be identified and the emergency services can automatically navigate to them.
  • Mobile deployment management systems can use data from the infrastructure of buildings or public places as well as from vehicles and people to access information such as site plans, the number of people involved, possible dangers or the extent of the damage, which enables the emergency team to act more specifically.
  • Data that are available through networking in urban areas could be used in warning systems that might also sound the alarm themselves. For example, in heavy rain, where the sewer system has reached its limits in some places, the risk of flooding could be identified more quickly and counteracted in a targeted manner. From a more general point of view, artificial intelligence can also be used in this context, on the one hand to improve preventive hazard detection and to make operational processes more efficient (see Macrotrend Artificial Intelligence).
  • In addition to the advantages offered by a Smart City, networking can also be abused for criminal activities (see Macrotrend Cyberattacks).
  • Smart homes, which are both an opportunity and a danger at the same time, are part of 'intelligent' cities (see Macrotrend Smart Home (Protection)).

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24 - 31

Megacities & condensed spaces

Megacities are cities with 10 million or more inhabitants. Their size presents them with enormous challenges in terms of infrastructure, traffic, quality of life and sustainability.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification in the cities leads to new and additional requirements for the fire brigade: more complex operational management, danger densification, traffic densification, building diversity, taller buildings, multi-cultures, increasing distances etc.
  • The fact that more and more people are living and moving in ever tighter spaces increases the potential for danger, which means that more people could find themselves in emergency situations. This also increases the uncertainty as to how many people are in a building, for example, which could make it difficult to rescue quickly in emergency situations.
  • The increased volume of traffic in large cities makes it difficult for the fire brigade to get through on the streets. In addition, the ever larger vehicles in the already traffic-dense urban areas also contribute to the scarcity of space. This can be, for example, more compact vehicles that can be maneuvered through traffic even in narrow streets, or the need for alternative vehicle and operational support systems such as B. require drones or robots. (See Macrotrend Traffic Volume)
  • Because more and more people are moving to cities, living space is often created by building upwards (or sometimes also downwards). Conventional turntable ladders can easily reach their limits with the height of the building, which means that alternatives are increasingly in demand for rescuing people from great heights (e.g. rescuing people using heavy-duty drones).
  • The use of stationary, preventive extinguishing technology is becoming more and more important with increasing density of living spaces.
  • Certain fire protection regulations (smoke alarm requirement), which enable people to live together in a compact space, will inevitably lead to more false alarms. Here, the use of new technologies (drones, multi-sensory fire alarms, etc.) for rapid initial exploration after the alarm has been issued could help to avoid false actuations.
  • In densely populated urban areas, guidance systems or digital warning systems for controlling crowds (e.g. in the course of a mass panic) become more important.
  • The increasing / high noise level in large cities can also increase the stress factor for the emergency services.
  • The smog in large cities could impair visibility when rescuing at height.

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25 - 31

Danger from alternative energy sources

Driven by the energy transition, this trend describes the dangers posed by the increasing number of storage facilities for alternative energies (CNG, LNG, H2, E, e-fuel, etc.).

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the danger from battery fires , other alternative energy sources can also pose a challenge in de-escalation for fire departments.
  • Suitable training measures are required here that prepare people to deal with potential hazards based on alternative energy sources.

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26 - 31

Gefahr durch Akkubrände

The increasing use of rechargeable batteries in electrically operated devices and vehicles can increase the risk of fire.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • With the increasing proportion of electrically powered vehicles in road traffic, this trend is becoming increasingly relevant. Fighting battery fires requires novel de-escalation strategies.
  • A particular challenge in e-car fires could be B. the uncontrollable ignition of the batteries (thermal runaway), or the difficult disposal of contaminated fire extinguishing water.
  • Also due to the increasing number of battery-operated devices, the risk of fire in private households and companies, but also in waste disposal and recycling companies, is steadily increasing.
  • Due to constant further development, storage systems are also becoming more secure.

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27 - 31

Global threats

Where on the one hand we live in the safest of all times, real threats such as terrorist attacks are increasing in some places. Triggered by media reporting, however, a picture of the global threat emerges. In addition to terrorism, epidemics can become a global threat by developing into a pandemic - this has recently been seen with COVID-19.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Terrorist attacks also pose immense challenges to aid workers and emergency services and bring them into dangerous and unpredictable situations. In such situations, for example, not only does the endangerment of the emergency services play an important role, but also large mass movements and traffic chaos on the streets.
  • Pandemics such as Covid-19 also pose major challenges for fire services around the world. If they are called to work, there is usually imminent danger and therefore rapid action is required. Loss of emergency personnel due to infection can pose an additional problem for the safety of the population if they are not available to provide help in a timely manner. The applicable safety measures such as wearing protective masks and clothing, maintaining safety distances etc. are also aspects that make the work of the emergency services more difficult.

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Autonomous systems

(Partially) autonomous systems are equipped with cameras, radar and ultrasound sensors, are networked with their environment and are able to complete tasks independently without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Autonomous operational support systems such as extinguishing robots can reduce the risk of the emergency teams in hazardous areas such as B. in chemical fires, in earthquake areas, when deployed in fire objects at risk of collapse, etc.
  • Furthermore, autonomous extinguishing systems that independently detect and extinguish hot spots or sources of fire could reduce the safety risk of the emergency services and also free up the otherwise necessary operating personnel for other activities.
  • In the future, it would be conceivable that blue light organizations would have access to autonomous vehicles in an emergency in order to be able to move them out of the danger area or to free escape routes, for example.

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Robotics

Robotics goes beyond the automation of production processes. Robots are increasingly able to interact with the human environment and thus support people and expand their scope of action.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The robotics trend could affect the fire service in the future in that repetitive or overly dangerous activities, e.g. B. (partially) autonomous vehicles, robots or drones. Aspects such as efficiency, operational reliability or the basic feasibility could be optimized or even guaranteed in the first place.
  • The development could also lead to the increased use of extinguishing robots and automatic extinguishing systems (stationary fire protection).
  • Robotics & autonomous systems can also provide relief when there is a shortage of personnel in the fire service.

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30 - 31

Internet of things

Describes the increasing need to prepare information and data lakes graphically in such a way that they are easy to understand and so that connections can also be easily recognized.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, fire service outfitters will continue to promote the intuitive, tidy & uniform design of human-machine interfaces for vehicle and device controls as well as of deployment management systems and apps.
  • In addition, new display options such as augmented reality solutions integrated in protective equipment (e.g. in the helmet visor) could represent an option for the clear visualization of relevant information.
  • In the course of this trend, the individual, target group-oriented presentation of information could also be a significant advantage. Only the most relevant information for the respective role would be shown (see Macrotrend Personalized content).
  • In the sense of easy retrieval of information, operating instructions including videos and simulations, for example, could in future be retrieved online and thus by the fire brigades on site via smartphone or the deployment management system.

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Autonomous driving

(Semi) autonomous vehicles have the potential to avoid traffic jams and accidents in the future and to ensure more efficiency and safety.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The frequency of accidents will be reduced by autonomous vehicles in road traffic. However, the failure of the systems could lead to significant damaging events.
  • In addition, problems could arise for the time being due to the mixture of autonomous vehicles and vehicles that are driven by humans.
  • With regard to the fire service, autonomously controlled or assistance-supported emergency vehicles could better avoid accidents when driving to the emergency site.

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01 - 31

Security

Urbanization

01 - 16

Urbanization

The megatrend "urbanisation" presents fire brigades with new challenges on the one hand, but also offers new opportunities on the other. Cities are becoming more and more dense - by 2050, it is predicted that around 70 % of people will live in cities (source: United Nations). Increasing traffic density and higher and higher buildings will present fire brigades with new challenges.

02 - 16

Micro housing

Describes the trend towards the smallest possible living space, taking into account the highest possible quality of life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification of living spaces means that there is an increased risk potential per m2 of living space.

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03 - 16

Populationgrowth

Describes the development of an increasing population worldwide, which presents cities in particular with major challenges.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Basically, it can be assumed that more people in a confined space can lead to an increased risk potential and operational risk.
  • Since the growing world population will be largely distributed among cities, it must be assumed that already densely populated areas will continue to be burdened with overcrowded traffic routes. For this reason, alternative tactics in the form of fire fighting from the air or the use of underground transport networks (underground) could increasingly be considered in the future. (See Macrotrends Megacities & Dense Spaces / Traffic Volume)
     

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04 - 16

Urban Farming

Unused and other areas (vertical farming) in cities are increasingly being used for the local cultivation of food. Part of the food production is to be relocated to the cities . The greening of roofs and facades in cities is also increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Urban farming needs to be examined with regard to fire protection measures. Green roofs, facades, etc. can increase the fire load and represent an increased risk of fire, especially with increasing dryness and drought.
  • This trend could also have the effect that tactics have to be adapted so that planted buildings do not represent an obstacle in use, for example for air rescue.

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05 - 16

Alternative emergency power supply

Due to the increasing dependence on electricitythe need for an alternative power supply is increasing, which apart from the conventional power grid also provides energy in emergency and crisis situations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • It is becoming more and more relevant for fire brigades to be energy self-sufficient both during operations and stationary in order to be prepared for blackout scenarios.

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06 - 16

Energy revolution

The energy transition describes the increasing abandonment of fossil fuels towards the use of renewable and therefore sustainable energy sources such as wind, solar or water power.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the future, for example, through the increased use of electrically powered fire engines, the energy self-sufficiency (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage) of fire stations could gain in importance (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon-Gesellschaft).
  • Alternative power supply for households (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage systems) could also potentially pose a higher risk potential (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon Society).

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07 - 16

Micromobility

Describes the trend towards (often electrically operated) small vehicles such as electric scooters or bicycles, which are mainly used for inner-city locomotion or short distances to u. a. public transport links are used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Where fire bikes are already established in some places, it would be conceivable to use compact mobile units such as B. Bicycles or e-scooters in fire engines. These could be useful for initial exploration of the situation, especially in areas with high traffic density.
  • If necessary, cycle paths could also be used as alternative traffic routes for emergency trips. Narrow, compact and agile vehicles (pod vehicles) could be used for this.
  • The trend towards micromobility can also have negative effects on the fire service. For example, the batteries installed in e-scooters or e-bikes can cause fires, which means additional risk potential. Furthermore, scooters lying around could hinder fire brigades when approaching the emergency site.

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08 - 16

Traffic volume

Because more and more people will live in cities, the volume of traffic in metropolitan areas will also increase.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing volume of traffic in large cities inevitably leads to problems during emergency trips. For example, it can make it more difficult to get through and thus meet the deadlines, or the risk of accidents for emergency vehicles themselves increases.
  • The trend towards larger and wider private vehicles could contribute to an additional shortage of space in already congested urban areas.
  • In order to better cope with the challenges of increased traffic in densely populated urban areas, more compact, more mobile deployment solutions or flying deployment solutions (e.g. air rescue) could help.

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09 - 16

Merging fire departments

Tense budgetary situations with regard to equipment and vehicle procurement, declining membership numbers in the volunteer fire brigades, but also strategic considerations are increasingly leading to the merging of fire brigades.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to savings measures in community budgets and the rural exodus, which leads to a decline in the number of active emergency services, there may be an increasing number of fire brigades being merged. As a result, the renewed formation of comradeship as well as increased cooperation between comrades is necessary.
  • The merging of fire brigades could result in longer engagement times for comrades as well as longer travel times to locations and thus have a negative effect on the operational capability with regard to the relief period.
  • Another consequence could be the resignation of emergency services who do not accept the merger with other fire departments.

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10 - 16

Rural exodus

Describes the migration from the country to the city. Cities promise more economic prosperity and access to resources. Old industrial character, ailing infrastructure or a lack of economic prospects in countries with an aging population lead to an exodus of the population from the cities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Migration to cities can lead to declining membership numbers in rural areas. This can affect the daily availability of volunteer fire brigades. One could counteract this, for example, with member recruitment. 

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11 - 16

Megacities & condensed spaces

Megacities are cities with 10 million or more inhabitants. Their size presents them with enormous challenges in terms of infrastructure, traffic, quality of life and sustainability.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification in the cities leads to new and additional requirements for the fire brigade: more complex operational management, danger densification, traffic densification, building diversity, taller buildings, multi-cultures, increasing distances etc.
  • The fact that more and more people are living and moving in ever tighter spaces increases the potential for danger, which means that more people could find themselves in emergency situations. This also increases the uncertainty as to how many people are in a building, for example, which could make it difficult to rescue quickly in emergency situations.
  • The increased volume of traffic in large cities makes it difficult for the fire brigade to get through on the streets. In addition, the ever larger vehicles in the already traffic-dense urban areas also contribute to the scarcity of space. This can be, for example, more compact vehicles that can be maneuvered through traffic even in narrow streets, or the need for alternative vehicle and operational support systems such as B. require drones or robots. (See Macrotrend Traffic Volume)
  • Because more and more people are moving to cities, living space is often created by building upwards (or sometimes also downwards). Conventional turntable ladders can easily reach their limits with the height of the building, which means that alternatives are increasingly in demand for rescuing people from great heights (e.g. rescuing people using heavy-duty drones).
  • The use of stationary, preventive extinguishing technology is becoming more and more important with increasing density of living spaces.
  • Certain fire protection regulations (smoke alarm requirement), which enable people to live together in a compact space, will inevitably lead to more false alarms. Here, the use of new technologies (drones, multi-sensory fire alarms, etc.) for rapid initial exploration after the alarm has been issued could help to avoid false actuations.
  • In densely populated urban areas, guidance systems or digital warning systems for controlling crowds (e.g. in the course of a mass panic) become more important.
  • The increasing / high noise level in large cities can also increase the stress factor for the emergency services.
  • The smog in large cities could impair visibility when rescuing at height.

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12 - 16

Healing architecture

Describes the consideration of health-related aspects in the design and architecture of objects or room surfaces. The focus is on people's wellbeing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The Healing Architecture trend could be of particular relevance in the fire brigade context, since suitable recreational areas are all the more important after energy-sapping and grueling missions. For example, more living building materials, more greenery or water elements could be planned for new depots in order to create a pleasant, relaxing room climate and thus an oasis of calm for fire fighters.
  • Thinking further, buildings could in future also "protect themselves" in the event of an escalation, and thus also the people affected.

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13 - 16

Green Technology

Technologies that try to avoid environmental pollution from the outset or to repair damage that has already occurred. Companies also benefit from the more efficient use of scarce raw materials and materials.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The resource-saving use in dealing with emergency situations becomes an essential factor in this context.
  • The use of environmentally friendly fire fighting agents such as B. fluorine-free foam or efficient, water-saving alternatives are becoming increasingly important.
  • In general, low-emission fire fighting vehicles that make a contribution to sustainability will also be preferred in future.

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14 - 16

Carsharing

Denotes a system change in individual automobility: away from ownership towards the use of shared vehicles.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since it can be assumed that car sharing users often have less driving routine than owner-occupiers, there could be more traffic accidents with "shared" vehicles.

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15 - 16

Smart cities

The approach looks for intelligent systems for holistic solutions to problems in cities. In Smart Cities, for example, the coexistence of residents should become more sustainable and livable through the use of new technologies and strong networking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Smart cities can enable smart route planning, which optimizes emergency trips, for example, depending on the traffic load, switches traffic lights in a targeted manner or supports the creation of emergency lanes. With the help of GPS data, for example, deployment locations can be identified and the emergency services can automatically navigate to them.
  • Mobile deployment management systems can use data from the infrastructure of buildings or public places as well as from vehicles and people to access information such as site plans, the number of people involved, possible dangers or the extent of the damage, which enables the emergency team to act more specifically.
  • Data that are available through networking in urban areas could be used in warning systems that might also sound the alarm themselves. For example, in heavy rain, where the sewer system has reached its limits in some places, the risk of flooding could be identified more quickly and counteracted in a targeted manner. From a more general point of view, artificial intelligence can also be used in this context, on the one hand to improve preventive hazard detection and to make operational processes more efficient (see Macrotrend Artificial Intelligence).
  • In addition to the advantages offered by a Smart City, networking can also be abused for criminal activities (see Macrotrend Cyberattacks).
  • Smart homes, which are both an opportunity and a danger at the same time, are part of 'intelligent' cities (see Macrotrend Smart Home (Protection)).

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16 - 16

Complexity in Manipulation urban planning

Systems are becoming more and more interwoven. Traffic planning is combined with energy, building management, control center, ventilation system, people flow and emergency planning, which means that the complexity is constantly increasing, especially in densely populated cities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The networked systems offer simplifications and control options for the operational sequence in order to obtain information quickly and to carry out controls. However, this also requires more and more complex preparation for construction projects in which fire-fighting expertise must be incorporated into the preparation.

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01 - 16

Urbanization

Neo-Ecology

01 - 19

Neo-ecology

The megatrend "Neo-ecology" is creating a new awareness of the environment and sustainability. For fire brigades, the new environmental awareness is bringing about a rethink in the areas of extinguishing agents, reduction of pollutants and energy supply. Natural disasters and the climate crisis are also threats that are unfortunately becoming increasingly important. They also bring with them new demands on the fire brigades.

02 - 19

Cradle2Cradle

Describes the change from a model of resource exploitation to a regenerative model of resource use that forms a cycle. Waste itself becomes a resource again.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The approach of aligning the production of fire fighting vehicles, equipment and operational clothing to the concept of circular economy and thus primarily using recyclable and sustainable raw materials will be further promoted in the future.
  • The reuse of refurbished vehicles, equipment & turnout gear (boots, gloves, etc.) as well as tools could increase as part of this development. Depending on the wear and tear, these products could, for example, be resold to developing countries.
  • In (extinguishing) tests with large amounts of water, the used water could, for example, be collected and recycled.

03 - 19

Zero waste

Describes a future-oriented approach to sustainable consumption. Instead of, for example, disposing and recycling of packaging waste, no waste should be produced in the first place.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards zero waste can mean for fire departments that the use of foam concentrate should be used in an increasingly environmentally conscious and moderate manner, i.e. H. only if absolutely necessary. In addition, only fluorine-free foam should be used in the future.
  • In the future, exercises could increasingly be carried out with simulators instead of "real" means, on the one hand to be able to do without extinguishing water / foam compound and on the other hand to achieve a technical relief of the vehicles and the equipment.
  • Driven by digitization, this trend could have a stronger influence on fire brigades in that tablets, screens and laptops are increasingly being used for sketching or displaying digital content in order to save paper and printer toner.
  • Furthermore, instead of plastic packaging and containers, more environmentally friendly alternatives could be used - be it on duty or at events organized by (voluntary) fire brigades.
  • In the production of fire fighting vehicles and equipment, the use of recyclable substances (e.g. polypropylene) and materials will continue to be pushed in the future.

04 - 19

Global/Local

As a counter-trend to globalization, regional production and regional sales are regaining importance. In addition, globally operating companies have to pay more attention to local values and the realities of the sales market.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Because local added value is becoming more relevant again, SKD / CKD modular solutions could increasingly be assembled locally in the region in the future.
  • In addition, self-assembly kits would be conceivable to a certain extent, for example when loading vehicles based on the IKEA model.
  • The possibility for fire brigades to assemble kits themselves promotes local implementation and offers the opportunity to benefit from international know-how.

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05 - 19

Climate crisis & natural disasters

The climate crisis will cause more and more extreme weather conditions. Water scarcity is increasing in some regions. The increase in major loss events due to natural disasters requires technical preparation and preventive measures.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As a direct effect of the climate crisis, fire brigades will increasingly have to adjust to operations in the course of natural disasters. For example, forest fires due to periods of drought or floods and mudslides due to storms and heavy rain can increasingly occur, whereby the scenarios can be more frequent and more intense. Since such natural disasters usually happen supraregional, large resources of emergency and auxiliary personnel have to be mobilized within a very short time if necessary.
  • Due to the climate-related scarcity of water in some regions, alternative extinguishing agents must also be considered. In this context, the treatment and recycling of extinguishing water is becoming an increasingly relevant topic.
  • Another effect of the climate crisis will be sea levels. This can promote global migration and indirectly influence the fire service.

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06 - 19

Urban Farming

Unused and other areas (vertical farming) in cities are increasingly being used for the local cultivation of food. Part of the food production is to be relocated to the cities . The greening of roofs and facades in cities is also increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Urban farming needs to be examined with regard to fire protection measures. Green roofs, facades, etc. can increase the fire load and represent an increased risk of fire, especially with increasing dryness and drought.
  • This trend could also have the effect that tactics have to be adapted so that planted buildings do not represent an obstacle in use, for example for air rescue.

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07 - 19

Alternative emergency power supply

Due to the increasing dependence on electricitythe need for an alternative power supply is increasing, which apart from the conventional power grid also provides energy in emergency and crisis situations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • It is becoming more and more relevant for fire brigades to be energy self-sufficient both during operations and stationary in order to be prepared for blackout scenarios.

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08 - 19

Energy revolution

The energy transition describes the increasing abandonment of fossil fuels towards the use of renewable and therefore sustainable energy sources such as wind, solar or water power.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the future, for example, through the increased use of electrically powered fire engines, the energy self-sufficiency (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage) of fire stations could gain in importance (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon-Gesellschaft).
  • Alternative power supply for households (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage systems) could also potentially pose a higher risk potential (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon Society).

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09 - 19

E-Mobilität & Alternative Antriebe

The one drive technology of the future will not exist for the time being, instead there will be a variety of different concepts (battery-electric, fuel cell, natural gas, etc.). At the moment, the main focus is on e-mobility.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As more and more vehicles with alternative drives are in traffic, the number of accidents in which these are involved will inevitably increase. In this regard, particular caution is required when cutting electric vehicles in an accident or when de-escalating burning batteries (see Macrotrend Danger from battery fires).
  • This trend also means that specific training courses for emergency services regarding the handling and handling of operations in vehicles with alternative drive systems, especially electric vehicles, are necessary.
  • The more electric cars are in circulation, the more owners will charge theirs at private charging stations. It should be noted here that these charging stations can also represent a new source of danger.
  • On the occasion of this development, the electrification of emergency vehicles will continue to advance. This can help relieve the situation, especially in polluted urban areas.

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10 - 19

Global threats

Where on the one hand we live in the safest of all times, real threats such as terrorist attacks are increasing in some places. Triggered by media reporting, however, a picture of the global threat emerges. In addition to terrorism, epidemics can become a global threat by developing into a pandemic - this has recently been seen with COVID-19.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Terrorist attacks also pose immense challenges to aid workers and emergency services and bring them into dangerous and unpredictable situations. In such situations, for example, not only does the endangerment of the emergency services play an important role, but also large mass movements and traffic chaos on the streets.
  • Pandemics such as Covid-19 also pose major challenges for fire services around the world. If they are called to work, there is usually imminent danger and therefore rapid action is required. Loss of emergency personnel due to infection can pose an additional problem for the safety of the population if they are not available to provide help in a timely manner. The applicable safety measures such as wearing protective masks and clothing, maintaining safety distances etc. are also aspects that make the work of the emergency services more difficult.

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11 - 19

Gefahr durch Akkubrände

The increasing use of rechargeable batteries in electrically operated devices and vehicles can increase the risk of fire.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • With the increasing proportion of electrically powered vehicles in road traffic, this trend is becoming increasingly relevant. Fighting battery fires requires novel de-escalation strategies.
  • A particular challenge in e-car fires could be B. the uncontrollable ignition of the batteries (thermal runaway), or the difficult disposal of contaminated fire extinguishing water.
  • Also due to the increasing number of battery-operated devices, the risk of fire in private households and companies, but also in waste disposal and recycling companies, is steadily increasing.
  • Due to constant further development, storage systems are also becoming more secure.

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12 - 19

Danger from alternative energy sources

Driven by the energy transition, this trend describes the dangers posed by the increasing number of storage facilities for alternative energies (CNG, LNG, H2, E, e-fuel, etc.).

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the danger from battery fires , other alternative energy sources can also pose a challenge in de-escalation for fire departments.
  • Suitable training measures are required here that prepare people to deal with potential hazards based on alternative energy sources.

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13 - 19

Alternative energy source

Describes the need to use new, non-fossil energy resources. Climate change calls on society to change its behavior and take a post-fossil path.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards a post-fossil society could increase awareness of more ecological drives when buying a vehicle, which would increasingly favor e-vehicles and thus buy or lease them.
  • Furthermore, in some cities vehicles with internal combustion engines could increasingly be banned due to action plans and programs with regard to zero emissions. This could also affect fire services to a certain extent.
  • In the future, for example, through the increased use of electrically operated fire engines, the energy self-sufficiency (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage) of fire stations could gain in importance. (See Macrotrend Energiewende)
  • This trend can lead to new areas of danger in the fire service. For example, battery fires in vehicles can occur more frequently. Alternative power supply for households (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage systems) could also potentially pose a higher risk potential. (See Macrotrend energy transition)

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14 - 19

Alternative financing

Due to the limited financial resources of the public budget, less money will also be available for the fire services. Alternative forms of financing are therefore increasingly in demand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigades could benefit from alternative financing and procurement models for fire vehicles and equipment. For example, leasing or loan or rental concepts could become an attractive alternative for economically weak communities / cities.
  • Another option for alternative forms of financing could also be "crowdfunding" or "crowd investing", where the funds required to procure vehicles or equipment are made available by the crowd.

15 - 19

Green Technology

Technologies that try to avoid environmental pollution from the outset or to repair damage that has already occurred. Companies also benefit from the more efficient use of scarce raw materials and materials.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The resource-saving use in dealing with emergency situations becomes an essential factor in this context.
  • The use of environmentally friendly fire fighting agents such as B. fluorine-free foam or efficient, water-saving alternatives are becoming increasingly important.
  • In general, low-emission fire fighting vehicles that make a contribution to sustainability will also be preferred in future.

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16 - 19

Carsharing

Denotes a system change in individual automobility: away from ownership towards the use of shared vehicles.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since it can be assumed that car sharing users often have less driving routine than owner-occupiers, there could be more traffic accidents with "shared" vehicles.

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17 - 19

Sharing economy

“Use instead of owning” is the motto - the sharing idea has already expanded to large areas of the business world and has become a new value creation model.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The sharing idea could also become an increasingly important topic in the fire service. For example, the number of base fire brigades could increase, where loan equipment such as submersible pumps or special vehicles could be offered in the event of major incidents or one could even release specially trained emergency services for missions outside of one's own operational area.

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18 - 19

Mindfulness

Is the counter-trend to permanent overstimulation and describes the increased interest in thinking back on oneself and in pausing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to better prepare fire fighters physically and mentally for the incident, psychological and physical preparation and follow-up are becoming more important. Prudence in dealing with one's own body and consideration for draumatic experiences that have to be worked through will receive more mindfulness.

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19 - 19

Quality of life

Describes the pursuit of a high quality of life, in which aspects such as a healthy lifestyle, a fulfilling social life and a satisfactory work-life balance are the focus.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In terms of quality of life, new incentives must also be set in the fire service:
    • Reduction of as many risks as possible for emergency services to a minimum
    • Targeted alerting of necessary emergency services
    • Aspects such as ergonomics, safety, weight etc. are gaining in importance
    • Sufficient rest phase through good readiness coordination among colleagues
    • Etc.

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01 - 19

Neo-ecology

Knowledge Culture

01 - 18

Knowledge Culture

We are on the way from an industrial to a knowledge-based society. Lifelong learning has already become a matter of course for many. Expectations of permanently available crowd knowledge are also increasing. "Knowledge culture" as a megatrend describes how learning and training are changing in the age of knowledge explosion and virtuality, also for the fire brigade sector. Digital media provide ever easier access to an ever increasing amount of information.

02 - 18

Globale migration

Describes the ongoing trend of global population migration. In many countries, migration can be seen as an opportunity and an important counter-trend to an aging population with low birth rates and an increasing shortage of skilled workers.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Increasing migration can have a major impact on the fire service in many ways. Linguistic or sociocultural differences as well as mental health (e.g. war trauma) can pose great challenges. The following aspects must be considered here:
     
    • When refugees make emergency calls, there may be obstacles due to language barriers. This requires emergency call centers with multilingual staff.
    • In other cultures, uniformed persons could be misunderstood as part of the state power or they could be associated with bad experiences in the course of the flight (lack of trust in the emergency services).
    • In some cultures, the necessary assistance in an emergency could be misunderstood as an unwanted intrusion into the private sphere (e.g. intrusion by firefighters into rooms in which Muslim women are not veiled).
    • If migrants join voluntary fire brigades, there could be problems of understanding for the time being. The use of translation apps could possibly overcome the first hurdles here. Furthermore, a simple, graphic or multilingual design of content, such as digital teaching materials, human-machine interfaces or the like, can overcome initial language barriers.
    • A person who has moved here (migrant) is not familiar with the area.
       
  • Despite possible obstacles, clubs, but also organizations such as the volunteer fire brigade, could be a good opportunity for newcomers to integrate more quickly. Advertising measures by the fire brigade as a first step, as well as fast onboarding processes, would make sense. However, one should note the uncertainty regarding the long-term whereabouts of migrants in the respective location.

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03 - 18

Risky halfknowledge

"Half-knowledge" means that a lot of information and supposed knowledge is obtained from a wide variety of sources, above all from the Internet, without reflection and without checking. In addition, the risk of using fake news as a source of knowledge increases.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire service-specific skills are no longer learned to the required extent in many places, which is sometimes due to the increasing number of emergency devices. In the event of an emergency, this can lead to fatal errors.
  • Here it would be necessary to build up the required knowledge through self-initiative in the context of training courses, exercises, experiments and simulations. Among other things, platforms that serve the exchange of knowledge and experience can be helpful for this.
  • Due to the increasing abundance of fields of activity and equipment, the scope of learning is increasing. This creates the risk that basic processes are not practiced and learned well enough.

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04 - 18

Legal bases

The legal framework and regulations are increasing - also in the fire service. Executives, especially commanders, are particularly affected. In order to be able to move in a legally secure area, the legal security and the knowledge about it will become an essential part of the fire service.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  •  For emergency services - above all managers - legally relevant specialist knowledge and the imparting of this in the context of training courses is becoming increasingly important.
  • In addition, extensive operational documentation of the fire brigade operation is becoming more and more central as a basis for providing evidence in a legal emergency. 

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05 - 18

Edutainment

Edutainment is made up of the two terms education and entertainment and describes the entertaining, playful transfer of knowledge. In this context, augmented reality applications that overlay digital learning content (animations, videos, graphics, etc.) with the real world can also be used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The edutainment approach could be used to impart fire-fighting expertise in a playful way, especially to young people.
  • Difficult, resource-intensive or rare scenarios can be represented and deployment tactics can be trained with the help of augmented reality applications.
  • Furthermore, experiences in this context could be shared using videos, animated or interactive training materials.
  • In addition to imparting specific knowledge, simulation games could be practiced in which, for example, the extinguishing of fires or how to proceed in the event of severe weather disasters or major disasters.

06 - 18

Digital native

Describes the generation that (almost) no longer knows a world without the Internet. Digital technologies and new media are a matter of course for them and a central tool in order to be able to develop their creativity in the digital world.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The digital capabilities of this generation can be used in different ways by fire departments, such as B .:
    • for creating & operating programs and apps that support operational activities
    • for the support and graphic design of advertising campaigns and social media channels (events, recruitment, etc.)
    • Etc.
  • If necessary, experienced online research can help solve the problem (troubleshooting, digital instructions, etc.).
  • To reach, recruit and organize this young generation, it needs to be addressed through the right digital channels and in the right way. For example, high-quality & interactive content on platforms such as YouTube, Instagram or TikTok could be used for recruitment or services such as WhatsApp or Snapchat could be used for communication.

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07 - 18

Digital literacy

The increasing merging of the real and digital world leads to the necessity of an intensive examination of the challenges that digitization brings with it. Therefore, extensive digital literacy is required for both individuals and organizations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Digitalization is also finding its way more and more into fire fighting vehicles, emergency equipment, communication systems, etc. In order to be able to use these, emergency services must be trained in the use of digital devices and media.
  • Dealing with digital devices & media therefore also requires appropriate training. Particularly against the background of the rapid pace of change, further training offers in the area of digital competence building are becoming more and more relevant.

 

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08 - 18

Training & education

Around the trend of lifelong learning, the range of (online) further education opportunities is increasing - from individual courses at (distance) universities to regional educational institutions and online courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing range of tasks of the fire brigade generally requires more extensive training.
  • In the fire services sector, too, the range of subject-specific training opportunities at different educational institutions could increase in the future.
  • Fire-brigade-specific theoretical knowledge could also be offered via online course platforms such as "Udemy". 

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09 - 18

Collaboration

Working together and sharing knowledge is trendy. On the one hand, digital tools are often used for fast, time and location-independent collaboration, on the other hand, co-working spaces are being created in many places: (temporarily rentable) shared offices.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards increased collaboration is also becoming more and more relevant in the fire service. In particular, inter-municipal cooperation between emergency organizations, cities / municipalities and authorities and associations could become more and more central. On the one hand, synergy effects could e.g. B. in relation to the procurement or utilization of vehicles and equipment. On the other hand, various challenges such as B. the reduced daily availability of emergency services in some places can be mastered better (see Macrotrend merging of fire brigades).
  • One way to cope with the challenges with regard to daily availability could be the authorization of fire fighters to work with several fire departments (at home / at work).
  • Another form of collaboration consists in exchanging knowledge with other fire departments regarding operations, exercises, products, etc.
  • It would also be important to ensure that there is no competition among the fire services and that they are pulled together.
  • Digital collaboration tools are also increasingly used in the fire service for coordination and training purposes, especially during the Corona era.
  • Collaboration can also take place in the sense of virtual operational management support (cf. Telearzt).

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10 - 18

Manualskills

Manual craft skills are increasingly less developed in many (younger) people. The technical ability to improvise decreases as a result.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As more and more young people are taking the path towards an academic career and fewer are learning a trade, the manual skills that are also needed in the fire service may be less well developed. In this regard, one could promote and support the learning of manual skills (in a protected environment) in the fire brigade youth work. 

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11 - 18

Open Knowledge

The free availability of knowledge is constantly increasing and, thanks to digitization, is more easily accessible than ever before.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend could result in more flexible training and further education opportunities for emergency services. In this context, fire-fighting (basic) knowledge could increasingly be made available on online platforms or in the form of apps. Practical or situational learning can sometimes be made possible, as practical examples or application scenarios can be played through.
  • In addition to the free provision of subject-specific knowledge, firefighters can exchange experiences and knowledge more than ever via social media groups or forums.

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12 - 18

Manipulation of information

It has never been easier to forge information. With the ability to create deepfakes with the help of artificial intelligence or to spread fake news at lightning speed via social media, the credibility of any information content is increasingly being tested.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • False information regarding fire services, which is spreading like wildfire on social media, for example, can also become an immense challenge for fire services.
  • The risk that images, videos or sound recordings, on which alleged errors or incorrect actions by the emergency services can be seen or heard, could be specifically manipulated and distributed.

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13 - 18

Complexity in Manipulation urban planning

Systems are becoming more and more interwoven. Traffic planning is combined with energy, building management, control center, ventilation system, people flow and emergency planning, which means that the complexity is constantly increasing, especially in densely populated cities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The networked systems offer simplifications and control options for the operational sequence in order to obtain information quickly and to carry out controls. However, this also requires more and more complex preparation for construction projects in which fire-fighting expertise must be incorporated into the preparation.

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14 - 18

Talentism

The struggle for qualified specialists is an ongoing development. The resulting competitive pressure forces companies to continuously develop their personnel management and employer brand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The threat of a shortage of skilled workers is becoming an increasing problem in the fire service too. It is becoming increasingly difficult to attract skilled young people to the fire service.
  • This makes it all the more important to document and make available the experience of emergency services, for example with regard to handling operations (e.g. in the form of instructions and guides).
  • Fewer and fewer young people are in possession of a C driver's license.
  • One possible countermeasure could be the recruitment of future firefighters in adolescence by promoting the fire brigade work as an exciting "adventure".

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15 - 18

Lifelong learning

The trend towards ongoing training and lifelong learning is unbroken. Whether out of professional necessity or out of purely personal interest - many people feel the urge to develop in familiar areas or to acquire completely new knowledge and experience.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to keep the Golden Mentors in an organization longer and to be able to exploit their potential, age-appropriate and educational opportunities should be offered - also in the area of digitization. With regard to information and training material, this must be formulated appropriately for all age groups and made accessible.
  • E-learning offers support the trend towards continuous further education, regardless of time and space restrictions.

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16 - 18

Non-linear lifestyle

Life processes are becoming more and more unpredictable. There are fewer and fewer linear phases in life. Instead, there are new phases in life, for example due to frequent job changes or multiple training courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This trend could lead to multiple training courses (at a later age) or more frequent job and residence changes endangering the accustomed availability of volunteers.
  • In return, more late decision-makers could join the volunteer fire brigade in adulthood.
  • The change in CVs could sometimes lead to shorter stays in clubs, which would also affect the voluntary fire service. Adapting training concepts and rethinking the distribution of tasks would make sense here.

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17 - 18

Health literacy

Health literacy is an increasingly important skill for many people. They form their own opinion from different sources about disease prevention and health promotion for the purpose of maintaining their quality of life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Nowadays a lot of health concerns are researched on the internet before consulting a specialist for diagnosis. A generally applicable health concept developed by associations would be helpful in this context.

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18 - 18

Golden mentors

Golden Mentors want to be active after their "working phase" even after they retire and pass on the experience they have gained to others. They can be very valuable for companies and young employees, especially in phases of change.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the voluntary fire service it is important to keep older members and their experience available for as long as possible through various incentives. Passing on knowledge based on years of practical experience from the elderly to the young is seen as an important learning process. In many cases there are also so-called 60-plus initiatives at the fire brigades, with which the older and more experienced generation in particular is to be addressed.

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01 - 18

Knowledge Culture

Globalization

01 - 10

Globalization

The international community is redefining itself towards a multipolar world order. On the one hand, international interdependencies continue to shape increasing global thinking among the population, while on the other hand the immediate regions are becoming increasingly important. In this sense, the new challenge lies in regionalisation, as well as in continuing population growth.

02 - 10

Multipolar world order

In the future, the world will be ruled by several powerful forces that divide power and influence among themselves. The supremacy of the USA and Europe will loosen up further in the future.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The international endeavors to regulate fire fighting technology are changing.

03 - 10

Global/Local

As a counter-trend to globalization, regional production and regional sales are regaining importance. In addition, globally operating companies have to pay more attention to local values and the realities of the sales market.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Because local added value is becoming more relevant again, SKD / CKD modular solutions could increasingly be assembled locally in the region in the future.
  • In addition, self-assembly kits would be conceivable to a certain extent, for example when loading vehicles based on the IKEA model.
  • The possibility for fire brigades to assemble kits themselves promotes local implementation and offers the opportunity to benefit from international know-how.

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04 - 10

Neo-nationalism vs. generation global

Describes the emerging social opposing poles in the field of tension between protectionist attitudes of right-wing populist movements in some countries on the one hand and a growing generation that thinks, lives and acts globally on the other.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • National policy could lead to a country's defense and armaments expenditure being prioritized from a budgetary point of view, which could result in a lack of financial resources in the area of security and disaster control, which affects the fire service.
  • Global challenges (e.g. natural disasters due to climate change or large-scale forest fires), which also directly affect the fire service, may require cross-border cooperation.

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05 - 10

Post-growth economy

The world economy is growing increasingly weaker. In order for a company to be less dependent on economic growth in the future, alternative models will be needed that move away from pure profit maximization towards ecological, social management.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development makes it necessary in some areas to extend the service life, especially for vehicles, but also for equipment and tools.

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06 - 10

Populationgrowth

Describes the development of an increasing population worldwide, which presents cities in particular with major challenges.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Basically, it can be assumed that more people in a confined space can lead to an increased risk potential and operational risk.
  • Since the growing world population will be largely distributed among cities, it must be assumed that already densely populated areas will continue to be burdened with overcrowded traffic routes. For this reason, alternative tactics in the form of fire fighting from the air or the use of underground transport networks (underground) could increasingly be considered in the future. (See Macrotrends Megacities & Dense Spaces / Traffic Volume)
     

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07 - 10

Climate crisis & natural disasters

The climate crisis will cause more and more extreme weather conditions. Water scarcity is increasing in some regions. The increase in major loss events due to natural disasters requires technical preparation and preventive measures.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As a direct effect of the climate crisis, fire brigades will increasingly have to adjust to operations in the course of natural disasters. For example, forest fires due to periods of drought or floods and mudslides due to storms and heavy rain can increasingly occur, whereby the scenarios can be more frequent and more intense. Since such natural disasters usually happen supraregional, large resources of emergency and auxiliary personnel have to be mobilized within a very short time if necessary.
  • Due to the climate-related scarcity of water in some regions, alternative extinguishing agents must also be considered. In this context, the treatment and recycling of extinguishing water is becoming an increasingly relevant topic.
  • Another effect of the climate crisis will be sea levels. This can promote global migration and indirectly influence the fire service.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

08 - 10

Globale migration

Describes the ongoing trend of global population migration. In many countries, migration can be seen as an opportunity and an important counter-trend to an aging population with low birth rates and an increasing shortage of skilled workers.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Increasing migration can have a major impact on the fire service in many ways. Linguistic or sociocultural differences as well as mental health (e.g. war trauma) can pose great challenges. The following aspects must be considered here:
     
    • When refugees make emergency calls, there may be obstacles due to language barriers. This requires emergency call centers with multilingual staff.
    • In other cultures, uniformed persons could be misunderstood as part of the state power or they could be associated with bad experiences in the course of the flight (lack of trust in the emergency services).
    • In some cultures, the necessary assistance in an emergency could be misunderstood as an unwanted intrusion into the private sphere (e.g. intrusion by firefighters into rooms in which Muslim women are not veiled).
    • If migrants join voluntary fire brigades, there could be problems of understanding for the time being. The use of translation apps could possibly overcome the first hurdles here. Furthermore, a simple, graphic or multilingual design of content, such as digital teaching materials, human-machine interfaces or the like, can overcome initial language barriers.
    • A person who has moved here (migrant) is not familiar with the area.
       
  • Despite possible obstacles, clubs, but also organizations such as the volunteer fire brigade, could be a good opportunity for newcomers to integrate more quickly. Advertising measures by the fire brigade as a first step, as well as fast onboarding processes, would make sense. However, one should note the uncertainty regarding the long-term whereabouts of migrants in the respective location.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

09 - 10

Transparency markets

Origin, regionality and responsibility become important purchasing arguments. Consumers want to know where products come from, how and by whom they were made. Blockchain technology can be used as a suitable means for the required transparency.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Aspects such as the traceability of the product origin or the (manipulation-) secure access to information on system descriptions could become more transparent in the future, for example through the use of blockchain technology.

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10 - 10

Terrorism & aggression

The number of terrorist acts as well as the (perceived) aggression in society has increased in some places over the past decade.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the threat to the general population, emergency services from blue-light organizations, including firefighters, are exposed to insults or violent attacks.
  • Even if only sporadically, there are repeated terrorist attacks with catastrophic consequences for the local population. In such cases, emergency services are faced with enormous challenges for which it is necessary to equip and prepare as best as possible. 

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01 - 10

Globalization

Mobility

01 - 23

Mobility

Mobility is and remains a basic requirement in our lives. The mobility mix and alternative drive systems create previously unknown requirements for emergency services - but in return also offer new possibilities for fire engines. In addition, drones and air taxis will open up a new dimension of mobility in the future. In terms of service life, type of use, approach tactics or one-man operation, the megatrend "mobility" offers equally great opportunities.

02 - 23

UAV

Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles that can either act independently or have to be operated and controlled by humans from the ground. You can use it for different tasks such as B. serve as a flying eye or as load and transport systems.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the future, drones could be used in fire services for a wide variety of purposes:
    • Situation investigation & deployment monitoring from the air
    • Localization & measurement of toxic substances (dangerous goods)
    • Active operational support
    • Search & rescue of people and missing persons (heavy-duty drones)
    • Fighting fires in hard-to-reach places
    • Equipment transport and operational support (light source, ...)
    • Etc.
       
  • In the future, however, drones will not only bring advantages. Due to the increased use of both unmanned (private use, delivery drones, fire service drones, etc.) and manned aircraft (e.g. air taxis), the following aspects must be observed:
    • Due to the higher number of drones, a "compression" of the airspace is to be expected, which can pose new challenges to fire brigades, especially when deployed
    • More drone crashes can be expected, which opens up a new source of danger
    • The legal basis for this still has to be created in part
    • Etc.

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03 - 23

Seamless mobility

Describes a seamless network of mobility solutions. The focus is no longer on the choice of means of transport (car, bicycle, train, etc.), but on the transport from A to B itself.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Because young people in particular make significant use of this variety of mobility, the question arises whether future fire fighters will also have their own car across the board. Depending on the situation, this could have an impact on the rapid availability of fire fighters during operations. Here, alternatives are needed for how volunteers get to the fire station or mission.

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04 - 23

Last mile delivery

Describes the challenge for logistics companies to deliver items purchased online as quickly, efficiently and conveniently as possible for the end customer in order to keep the delivery time as short as possible. The last mile is particularly demanding here.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the steadily increasing number of online orders, delivering parcel delivery vans will additionally increase urban areas in particular. In the event of an emergency, this can lead to problems with the accessibility of the fire brigade.
  • In addition, autonomous delivery transport systems (delivery robots, delivery drones, etc.) could hinder fire service operations in the future.
  • However, autonomous transport drones could also be envisaged as on-demand transporters for fire-fighting equipment (from the fire station to the place of use).

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05 - 23

Smart cities

The approach looks for intelligent systems for holistic solutions to problems in cities. In Smart Cities, for example, the coexistence of residents should become more sustainable and livable through the use of new technologies and strong networking.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Smart cities can enable smart route planning, which optimizes emergency trips, for example, depending on the traffic load, switches traffic lights in a targeted manner or supports the creation of emergency lanes. With the help of GPS data, for example, deployment locations can be identified and the emergency services can automatically navigate to them.
  • Mobile deployment management systems can use data from the infrastructure of buildings or public places as well as from vehicles and people to access information such as site plans, the number of people involved, possible dangers or the extent of the damage, which enables the emergency team to act more specifically.
  • Data that are available through networking in urban areas could be used in warning systems that might also sound the alarm themselves. For example, in heavy rain, where the sewer system has reached its limits in some places, the risk of flooding could be identified more quickly and counteracted in a targeted manner. From a more general point of view, artificial intelligence can also be used in this context, on the one hand to improve preventive hazard detection and to make operational processes more efficient (see Macrotrend Artificial Intelligence).
  • In addition to the advantages offered by a Smart City, networking can also be abused for criminal activities (see Macrotrend Cyberattacks).
  • Smart homes, which are both an opportunity and a danger at the same time, are part of 'intelligent' cities (see Macrotrend Smart Home (Protection)).

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06 - 23

Sharing economy

“Use instead of owning” is the motto - the sharing idea has already expanded to large areas of the business world and has become a new value creation model.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The sharing idea could also become an increasingly important topic in the fire service. For example, the number of base fire brigades could increase, where loan equipment such as submersible pumps or special vehicles could be offered in the event of major incidents or one could even release specially trained emergency services for missions outside of one's own operational area.

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07 - 23

Carsharing

Denotes a system change in individual automobility: away from ownership towards the use of shared vehicles.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since it can be assumed that car sharing users often have less driving routine than owner-occupiers, there could be more traffic accidents with "shared" vehicles.

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08 - 23

Green Technology

Technologies that try to avoid environmental pollution from the outset or to repair damage that has already occurred. Companies also benefit from the more efficient use of scarce raw materials and materials.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The resource-saving use in dealing with emergency situations becomes an essential factor in this context.
  • The use of environmentally friendly fire fighting agents such as B. fluorine-free foam or efficient, water-saving alternatives are becoming increasingly important.
  • In general, low-emission fire fighting vehicles that make a contribution to sustainability will also be preferred in future.

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09 - 23

Megacities & condensed spaces

Megacities are cities with 10 million or more inhabitants. Their size presents them with enormous challenges in terms of infrastructure, traffic, quality of life and sustainability.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification in the cities leads to new and additional requirements for the fire brigade: more complex operational management, danger densification, traffic densification, building diversity, taller buildings, multi-cultures, increasing distances etc.
  • The fact that more and more people are living and moving in ever tighter spaces increases the potential for danger, which means that more people could find themselves in emergency situations. This also increases the uncertainty as to how many people are in a building, for example, which could make it difficult to rescue quickly in emergency situations.
  • The increased volume of traffic in large cities makes it difficult for the fire brigade to get through on the streets. In addition, the ever larger vehicles in the already traffic-dense urban areas also contribute to the scarcity of space. This can be, for example, more compact vehicles that can be maneuvered through traffic even in narrow streets, or the need for alternative vehicle and operational support systems such as B. require drones or robots. (See Macrotrend Traffic Volume)
  • Because more and more people are moving to cities, living space is often created by building upwards (or sometimes also downwards). Conventional turntable ladders can easily reach their limits with the height of the building, which means that alternatives are increasingly in demand for rescuing people from great heights (e.g. rescuing people using heavy-duty drones).
  • The use of stationary, preventive extinguishing technology is becoming more and more important with increasing density of living spaces.
  • Certain fire protection regulations (smoke alarm requirement), which enable people to live together in a compact space, will inevitably lead to more false alarms. Here, the use of new technologies (drones, multi-sensory fire alarms, etc.) for rapid initial exploration after the alarm has been issued could help to avoid false actuations.
  • In densely populated urban areas, guidance systems or digital warning systems for controlling crowds (e.g. in the course of a mass panic) become more important.
  • The increasing / high noise level in large cities can also increase the stress factor for the emergency services.
  • The smog in large cities could impair visibility when rescuing at height.

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10 - 23

Alternative energy source

Describes the need to use new, non-fossil energy resources. Climate change calls on society to change its behavior and take a post-fossil path.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards a post-fossil society could increase awareness of more ecological drives when buying a vehicle, which would increasingly favor e-vehicles and thus buy or lease them.
  • Furthermore, in some cities vehicles with internal combustion engines could increasingly be banned due to action plans and programs with regard to zero emissions. This could also affect fire services to a certain extent.
  • In the future, for example, through the increased use of electrically operated fire engines, the energy self-sufficiency (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage) of fire stations could gain in importance. (See Macrotrend Energiewende)
  • This trend can lead to new areas of danger in the fire service. For example, battery fires in vehicles can occur more frequently. Alternative power supply for households (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage systems) could also potentially pose a higher risk potential. (See Macrotrend energy transition)

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11 - 23

Danger from alternative energy sources

Driven by the energy transition, this trend describes the dangers posed by the increasing number of storage facilities for alternative energies (CNG, LNG, H2, E, e-fuel, etc.).

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the danger from battery fires , other alternative energy sources can also pose a challenge in de-escalation for fire departments.
  • Suitable training measures are required here that prepare people to deal with potential hazards based on alternative energy sources.

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12 - 23

Gefahr durch Akkubrände

The increasing use of rechargeable batteries in electrically operated devices and vehicles can increase the risk of fire.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • With the increasing proportion of electrically powered vehicles in road traffic, this trend is becoming increasingly relevant. Fighting battery fires requires novel de-escalation strategies.
  • A particular challenge in e-car fires could be B. the uncontrollable ignition of the batteries (thermal runaway), or the difficult disposal of contaminated fire extinguishing water.
  • Also due to the increasing number of battery-operated devices, the risk of fire in private households and companies, but also in waste disposal and recycling companies, is steadily increasing.
  • Due to constant further development, storage systems are also becoming more secure.

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13 - 23

Omnichannelling

In order to optimize contact with customers or the customer experience itself, a mix of sales and contact channels (store, online shop, social media, chats, etc.) is increasingly being used.

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14 - 23

Smart data

Describes the collection, processing and analysis of large, exponentially growing amounts of data (big data). The use of the extracted meaningful information also increasingly serves as a source of new added value across industries.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The recording of fire engine and equipment data can be used in the sense of predictive maintenance for an early detection of impending problems or damage.
  • Using big data analysis, the usage behavior of vehicle and equipment machinists can be analyzed. The knowledge gained from this can be used to optimize configurations and controls, as well as product design and material selection.
  • The tracking of vital data or movement profiles of the emergency services on site can be used for the analysis of deployment strategies and for the optimization of personal protective equipment.
  • Information such as geo-data of locations as well as the frequency of operations that are collected by control centers can be used for more efficient planning of service locations including crew.
  • Big data can also be used to better predict fires or the behavior of fire, for example in the event of forest fires.
  • BIM data (Building Information Modeling) could also be used to control operations and thus offer advantages in the course of operations.

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15 - 23

Autonomous driving

(Semi) autonomous vehicles have the potential to avoid traffic jams and accidents in the future and to ensure more efficiency and safety.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The frequency of accidents will be reduced by autonomous vehicles in road traffic. However, the failure of the systems could lead to significant damaging events.
  • In addition, problems could arise for the time being due to the mixture of autonomous vehicles and vehicles that are driven by humans.
  • With regard to the fire service, autonomously controlled or assistance-supported emergency vehicles could better avoid accidents when driving to the emergency site.

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16 - 23

Internet of things

Describes the increasing need to prepare information and data lakes graphically in such a way that they are easy to understand and so that connections can also be easily recognized.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, fire service outfitters will continue to promote the intuitive, tidy & uniform design of human-machine interfaces for vehicle and device controls as well as of deployment management systems and apps.
  • In addition, new display options such as augmented reality solutions integrated in protective equipment (e.g. in the helmet visor) could represent an option for the clear visualization of relevant information.
  • In the course of this trend, the individual, target group-oriented presentation of information could also be a significant advantage. Only the most relevant information for the respective role would be shown (see Macrotrend Personalized content).
  • In the sense of easy retrieval of information, operating instructions including videos and simulations, for example, could in future be retrieved online and thus by the fire brigades on site via smartphone or the deployment management system.

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17 - 23

24/7 society

The lifestyle is becoming more flexible and mobile - the classic "9-5 work rhythm" is being softened. As a result, the availability of services and goods around the clock is becoming increasingly important.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development could accelerate the expansion of online configurators & shops for fire fighting equipment and spare parts (e.g. via 3D printing).
  • Furthermore, the expansion of the service availability of fire service outfitters in order to be able to solve problems around the clock could be pushed further. For example, remote service tools (e.g. AR / VR solutions, data glasses, etc.) could be used for this.
  • The permanent availability of data and the access to infrastructure systems for situation management will become an essential requirement.

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18 - 23

Robotics

Robotics goes beyond the automation of production processes. Robots are increasingly able to interact with the human environment and thus support people and expand their scope of action.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The robotics trend could affect the fire service in the future in that repetitive or overly dangerous activities, e.g. B. (partially) autonomous vehicles, robots or drones. Aspects such as efficiency, operational reliability or the basic feasibility could be optimized or even guaranteed in the first place.
  • The development could also lead to the increased use of extinguishing robots and automatic extinguishing systems (stationary fire protection).
  • Robotics & autonomous systems can also provide relief when there is a shortage of personnel in the fire service.

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19 - 23

Autonomous systems

(Partially) autonomous systems are equipped with cameras, radar and ultrasound sensors, are networked with their environment and are able to complete tasks independently without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Autonomous operational support systems such as extinguishing robots can reduce the risk of the emergency teams in hazardous areas such as B. in chemical fires, in earthquake areas, when deployed in fire objects at risk of collapse, etc.
  • Furthermore, autonomous extinguishing systems that independently detect and extinguish hot spots or sources of fire could reduce the safety risk of the emergency services and also free up the otherwise necessary operating personnel for other activities.
  • In the future, it would be conceivable that blue light organizations would have access to autonomous vehicles in an emergency in order to be able to move them out of the danger area or to free escape routes, for example.

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20 - 23

E-Mobilität & Alternative Antriebe

The one drive technology of the future will not exist for the time being, instead there will be a variety of different concepts (battery-electric, fuel cell, natural gas, etc.). At the moment, the main focus is on e-mobility.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As more and more vehicles with alternative drives are in traffic, the number of accidents in which these are involved will inevitably increase. In this regard, particular caution is required when cutting electric vehicles in an accident or when de-escalating burning batteries (see Macrotrend Danger from battery fires).
  • This trend also means that specific training courses for emergency services regarding the handling and handling of operations in vehicles with alternative drive systems, especially electric vehicles, are necessary.
  • The more electric cars are in circulation, the more owners will charge theirs at private charging stations. It should be noted here that these charging stations can also represent a new source of danger.
  • On the occasion of this development, the electrification of emergency vehicles will continue to advance. This can help relieve the situation, especially in polluted urban areas.

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21 - 23

Energy revolution

The energy transition describes the increasing abandonment of fossil fuels towards the use of renewable and therefore sustainable energy sources such as wind, solar or water power.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the future, for example, through the increased use of electrically powered fire engines, the energy self-sufficiency (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage) of fire stations could gain in importance (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon-Gesellschaft).
  • Alternative power supply for households (e.g. photovoltaic systems & home storage systems) could also potentially pose a higher risk potential (see Macrotrend Post-Carbon Society).

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22 - 23

Micromobility

Describes the trend towards (often electrically operated) small vehicles such as electric scooters or bicycles, which are mainly used for inner-city locomotion or short distances to u. a. public transport links are used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Where fire bikes are already established in some places, it would be conceivable to use compact mobile units such as B. Bicycles or e-scooters in fire engines. These could be useful for initial exploration of the situation, especially in areas with high traffic density.
  • If necessary, cycle paths could also be used as alternative traffic routes for emergency trips. Narrow, compact and agile vehicles (pod vehicles) could be used for this.
  • The trend towards micromobility can also have negative effects on the fire service. For example, the batteries installed in e-scooters or e-bikes can cause fires, which means additional risk potential. Furthermore, scooters lying around could hinder fire brigades when approaching the emergency site.

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23 - 23

Traffic volume

Because more and more people will live in cities, the volume of traffic in metropolitan areas will also increase.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing volume of traffic in large cities inevitably leads to problems during emergency trips. For example, it can make it more difficult to get through and thus meet the deadlines, or the risk of accidents for emergency vehicles themselves increases.
  • The trend towards larger and wider private vehicles could contribute to an additional shortage of space in already congested urban areas.
  • In order to better cope with the challenges of increased traffic in densely populated urban areas, more compact, more mobile deployment solutions or flying deployment solutions (e.g. air rescue) could help.

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01 - 23

Mobility

New Work

01 - 30

New Work

Platform economy, digitisation and automation - keyword industry 4.0 - are entering more and more areas of work. The new work also reflects the trend towards an immediate society. Fire brigades, too, find themselves in the field of tension created by the transformation from an industrial to a knowledge society. Shortage of skilled workers, planning ability and daily availability are the keywords describing these new challenges.

02 - 30

Service economy

Service is becoming one of the most relevant economic variables worldwide. Services that save the customer time therefore gain in value.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the increasing networking of vehicles, equipment and the like, more digital service and fleet management solutions can be offered by fire service outfitters in the future.
  • In addition to the expansion of digital solutions, the trend could sometimes lead to fire service outfitters increasingly appearing as total solution or system providers in the future. This could also include mobile service units, which can fix problems quickly and without great delay in the event of a failure or defect in vehicles or equipment and make rental objects available as quickly as possible.

03 - 30

Permanent Beta

Describes the trend that products, processes, projects, the individual professional biography or the employment status are in a permanent change and adjustment mode that never comes to an end.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Ever-evolving software and user interfaces increasingly require that the fire service and the actors involved are in permanent beta mode, in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. It is important that the operator is not overwhelmed by a constantly changing range of functions.

04 - 30

Open Knowledge

The free availability of knowledge is constantly increasing and, thanks to digitization, is more easily accessible than ever before.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend could result in more flexible training and further education opportunities for emergency services. In this context, fire-fighting (basic) knowledge could increasingly be made available on online platforms or in the form of apps. Practical or situational learning can sometimes be made possible, as practical examples or application scenarios can be played through.
  • In addition to the free provision of subject-specific knowledge, firefighters can exchange experiences and knowledge more than ever via social media groups or forums.

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05 - 30

Manualskills

Manual craft skills are increasingly less developed in many (younger) people. The technical ability to improvise decreases as a result.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • As more and more young people are taking the path towards an academic career and fewer are learning a trade, the manual skills that are also needed in the fire service may be less well developed. In this regard, one could promote and support the learning of manual skills (in a protected environment) in the fire brigade youth work. 

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06 - 30

Collaboration

Working together and sharing knowledge is trendy. On the one hand, digital tools are often used for fast, time and location-independent collaboration, on the other hand, co-working spaces are being created in many places: (temporarily rentable) shared offices.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards increased collaboration is also becoming more and more relevant in the fire service. In particular, inter-municipal cooperation between emergency organizations, cities / municipalities and authorities and associations could become more and more central. On the one hand, synergy effects could e.g. B. in relation to the procurement or utilization of vehicles and equipment. On the other hand, various challenges such as B. the reduced daily availability of emergency services in some places can be mastered better (see Macrotrend merging of fire brigades).
  • One way to cope with the challenges with regard to daily availability could be the authorization of fire fighters to work with several fire departments (at home / at work).
  • Another form of collaboration consists in exchanging knowledge with other fire departments regarding operations, exercises, products, etc.
  • It would also be important to ensure that there is no competition among the fire services and that they are pulled together.
  • Digital collaboration tools are also increasingly used in the fire service for coordination and training purposes, especially during the Corona era.
  • Collaboration can also take place in the sense of virtual operational management support (cf. Telearzt).

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07 - 30

Training & education

Around the trend of lifelong learning, the range of (online) further education opportunities is increasing - from individual courses at (distance) universities to regional educational institutions and online courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing range of tasks of the fire brigade generally requires more extensive training.
  • In the fire services sector, too, the range of subject-specific training opportunities at different educational institutions could increase in the future.
  • Fire-brigade-specific theoretical knowledge could also be offered via online course platforms such as "Udemy". 

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08 - 30

Crowdsourcing

Crowdsourcing is made up of the two terms "crowd" and "outsourcing" and describes the joint innovation, development and elaboration of (product) ideas, solutions or knowledge (know-how).

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards crowdsourcing could also play an increasingly important role in the fire service. The cooperation (co-creation) between fire service outfitters and fire services could be (further) accelerated in the future by integrating fire services into the development process in order to improve existing vehicles or equipment or to develop new ones.

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09 - 30

Digital literacy

The increasing merging of the real and digital world leads to the necessity of an intensive examination of the challenges that digitization brings with it. Therefore, extensive digital literacy is required for both individuals and organizations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Digitalization is also finding its way more and more into fire fighting vehicles, emergency equipment, communication systems, etc. In order to be able to use these, emergency services must be trained in the use of digital devices and media.
  • Dealing with digital devices & media therefore also requires appropriate training. Particularly against the background of the rapid pace of change, further training offers in the area of digital competence building are becoming more and more relevant.

 

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10 - 30

Automation

Describes the increasing takeover of mostly repetitive activities or tasks by artificial systems that can work without human intervention.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, more and more tasks in the areas of operational documentation, load detection, etc. could be handled in an automated form in the future.

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11 - 30

Merging fire departments

Tense budgetary situations with regard to equipment and vehicle procurement, declining membership numbers in the volunteer fire brigades, but also strategic considerations are increasingly leading to the merging of fire brigades.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to savings measures in community budgets and the rural exodus, which leads to a decline in the number of active emergency services, there may be an increasing number of fire brigades being merged. As a result, the renewed formation of comradeship as well as increased cooperation between comrades is necessary.
  • The merging of fire brigades could result in longer engagement times for comrades as well as longer travel times to locations and thus have a negative effect on the operational capability with regard to the relief period.
  • Another consequence could be the resignation of emergency services who do not accept the merger with other fire departments.

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12 - 30

Rural exodus

Describes the migration from the country to the city. Cities promise more economic prosperity and access to resources. Old industrial character, ailing infrastructure or a lack of economic prospects in countries with an aging population lead to an exodus of the population from the cities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Migration to cities can lead to declining membership numbers in rural areas. This can affect the daily availability of volunteer fire brigades. One could counteract this, for example, with member recruitment. 

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13 - 30

Megacities & condensed spaces

Megacities are cities with 10 million or more inhabitants. Their size presents them with enormous challenges in terms of infrastructure, traffic, quality of life and sustainability.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification in the cities leads to new and additional requirements for the fire brigade: more complex operational management, danger densification, traffic densification, building diversity, taller buildings, multi-cultures, increasing distances etc.
  • The fact that more and more people are living and moving in ever tighter spaces increases the potential for danger, which means that more people could find themselves in emergency situations. This also increases the uncertainty as to how many people are in a building, for example, which could make it difficult to rescue quickly in emergency situations.
  • The increased volume of traffic in large cities makes it difficult for the fire brigade to get through on the streets. In addition, the ever larger vehicles in the already traffic-dense urban areas also contribute to the scarcity of space. This can be, for example, more compact vehicles that can be maneuvered through traffic even in narrow streets, or the need for alternative vehicle and operational support systems such as B. require drones or robots. (See Macrotrend Traffic Volume)
  • Because more and more people are moving to cities, living space is often created by building upwards (or sometimes also downwards). Conventional turntable ladders can easily reach their limits with the height of the building, which means that alternatives are increasingly in demand for rescuing people from great heights (e.g. rescuing people using heavy-duty drones).
  • The use of stationary, preventive extinguishing technology is becoming more and more important with increasing density of living spaces.
  • Certain fire protection regulations (smoke alarm requirement), which enable people to live together in a compact space, will inevitably lead to more false alarms. Here, the use of new technologies (drones, multi-sensory fire alarms, etc.) for rapid initial exploration after the alarm has been issued could help to avoid false actuations.
  • In densely populated urban areas, guidance systems or digital warning systems for controlling crowds (e.g. in the course of a mass panic) become more important.
  • The increasing / high noise level in large cities can also increase the stress factor for the emergency services.
  • The smog in large cities could impair visibility when rescuing at height.

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14 - 30

Talentism

The struggle for qualified specialists is an ongoing development. The resulting competitive pressure forces companies to continuously develop their personnel management and employer brand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The threat of a shortage of skilled workers is becoming an increasing problem in the fire service too. It is becoming increasingly difficult to attract skilled young people to the fire service.
  • This makes it all the more important to document and make available the experience of emergency services, for example with regard to handling operations (e.g. in the form of instructions and guides).
  • Fewer and fewer young people are in possession of a C driver's license.
  • One possible countermeasure could be the recruitment of future firefighters in adolescence by promoting the fire brigade work as an exciting "adventure".

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15 - 30

Lifelong learning

The trend towards ongoing training and lifelong learning is unbroken. Whether out of professional necessity or out of purely personal interest - many people feel the urge to develop in familiar areas or to acquire completely new knowledge and experience.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to keep the Golden Mentors in an organization longer and to be able to exploit their potential, age-appropriate and educational opportunities should be offered - also in the area of digitization. With regard to information and training material, this must be formulated appropriately for all age groups and made accessible.
  • E-learning offers support the trend towards continuous further education, regardless of time and space restrictions.

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16 - 30

Non-linear lifestyle

Life processes are becoming more and more unpredictable. There are fewer and fewer linear phases in life. Instead, there are new phases in life, for example due to frequent job changes or multiple training courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This trend could lead to multiple training courses (at a later age) or more frequent job and residence changes endangering the accustomed availability of volunteers.
  • In return, more late decision-makers could join the volunteer fire brigade in adulthood.
  • The change in CVs could sometimes lead to shorter stays in clubs, which would also affect the voluntary fire service. Adapting training concepts and rethinking the distribution of tasks would make sense here.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

17 - 30

Nomadism

Local independence thanks to digital technology and increasingly flexible work structures are promoting the trend towards digital nomadism.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development could have a negative impact on the long-term availability of volunteers. 

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18 - 30

Performance pressure

Due to the increasing merging of work and leisure (work-life blending), the pressure to perform at work (stress) can also increasingly affect private life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Increasing pressure to perform in professional life could sometimes inhibit willingness to volunteer for the fire brigade and thus have a negative effect on regular participation in exercises or availability during (night) missions.
  • It should also be noted that a lack of time caused by pressure to perform could hinder meaningful training and further education of managers in the fire service area.
  • In addition to the pressure to perform in the work environment, the workload for fire departments outside of the actual fire service activities is also increasing (GDPR, public relations, administrative work, etc.).

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19 - 30

Corporate health

Providing health-promoting work environments is becoming a strategic management task (health management). This creates working environments that are supposed to relieve the employees mentally and physically.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The optimization of working conditions to maintain the health and motivation of employees is seen more and more as a priority and is also an increasingly important topic for (professional) fire services. To this end, initiatives could be taken in the following areas:
    • Use of exoskeletons to assist in lifting or moving heavy loads
    • New procedures and forms of deletion as well as comprehensive security measures
    • Establishment of health infrastructure in depots such as sports and fitness facilities, relaxation areas and nap rooms
    • Motivate firefighters to adopt a healthier, more sporty lifestyle
    • Etc.
  • Fire service associations could play an initiating role in these issues and act as drivers.

 

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20 - 30

Womanomics

Gender equality and the increasing influence of women in the economy are increasing steadily, albeit slowly. This is particularly noticeable in the fact that more and more women are holding management positions.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The times in which the fire service was exclusively associated with the male gender are increasingly over. More and more women are joining the fire service. They are also no longer uncommon in management positions.

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21 - 30

New working cultures

Start-ups with their interdisciplinary nature create an ecosystem for the exchange of resources and knowledge. They put established companies and entire industries under pressure to innovate. Their work cultures are also increasingly being adopted by large companies.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing flexibility of the workplace (growing acceptance of home office activities) workstations could have a positive effect on the availability of volunteer fire brigade members (see Macrotrend Daily availability & plannability).

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22 - 30

Talent recruiting

The recruitment of young people is becoming increasingly difficult in some places and thus a decisive factor for the continued existence of the local, voluntary fire service.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigades have to adapt to the growing generation in terms of communication and online presence, among other things, and actively manage these aspects in order to become more interesting or to remain attractive for potential junior employees.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

23 - 30

Volunteering

With different drivers such as B. shorter interest cycles, rural exodus or unpredictable CVs, the willingness to volunteer is increasingly declining.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Especially in rural areas, where volunteering is a central pillar of the fire brigade, fire brigades are confronted with an increasing shortage of fire fighters, although the range of work is not decreasing. The motivation of the existing members becomes an essential success factor.
  • In addition, the "fire brigade = meaning in life" mindset could be due to different drivers such as B. the macrotrend multi-graphicsdecline, whereby one would have to reckon with increasing fluctuation among the fire fighters.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

24 - 30

Daytime availability

Describes the increasingly difficult planning of the daily availability of volunteers. The establishment of new work models and the flexibilization of working hours in professional life have a possible influence on this.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The development with regard to the home office option favors the daily availability of volunteers. Furthermore, a development towards double or multiple membership of volunteers in more than one fire brigade could defuse the situation.
  • The feedback of the operational availability, possibly via a smartphone app, is becoming more relevant due to these developments in order to be able to re-alert other fire departments early in an emergency.
  • The fact that people of retirement age are more active on a voluntary basis (e.g. in the voluntary fire brigade) could improve the daily availability situation.

25 - 30

Post-growth economy

The world economy is growing increasingly weaker. In order for a company to be less dependent on economic growth in the future, alternative models will be needed that move away from pure profit maximization towards ecological, social management.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development makes it necessary in some areas to extend the service life, especially for vehicles, but also for equipment and tools.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

26 - 30

Industry 4.0

This fourth industrial revolution describes the increasing networking of (production) processes with the help of modern information and communication technology. The aim is to optimize the entire value creation process through the meaningful integration of people and machines.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition, networking across the entire value chain could shorten production times and increase transparency in the entire supply chain.
  • Closely related to these developments is the Internet of Things trend, whose application scenarios and possibilities also strongly influence Industry 4.0 (see Macrotrend Internet of Things)

trendmap.detail.other_lines

27 - 30

Real-digital

Real-digital means the merging of the real and the digital world. The real physical world as we know and experience it is constantly being expanded to include digital dimensions.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigade emergency services are now supported in many ways by digital technologies in real operations and in training. Be it in the provision of information at the scene of action using deployment management tools, AR-supported navigation aids or virtual training and education options on simulators.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

28 - 30

Augmented & mixed reality

So-called augmented reality is the computer-aided expansion of the - primarily visual - perception of reality. The real world is therefore supplemented by artificially created additional information or virtual objects.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the field of vision of the firefighter (for example in the helmet visor, in the AS mask, at the DLK control station), additional, mission-relevant information could be displayed.
  • During repair / service activities, function / repair instructions can be displayed in AR glasses or smartphone, which support the service employee on site in his work. Smaller repairs could therefore also be carried out relatively easily by the fire brigades themselves.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

29 - 30

Platform economy

Describes an economic form in which digital, marketplace-like platforms represent the basis for information and data exchange as well as business transactions. In most cases, the platform itself acts as an intermediary.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Platforms could also play a more central role in the fire service in the future. On the one hand, volunteers could be mobilized (e.g. Team Austria) or the vehicles and tools required in the event of major damage could be conveyed via relevant (communication) platforms.
  • Digital platforms not only enable the simple exchange of fire service-specific information, but also have the potential to network fire service vehicles, equipment and building and city infrastructure as a comprehensive ecosystem.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

30 - 30

Predictive analytics

Describes the analysis and evaluation of existing amounts of data in order to be able to make predictions of events or behavior. For this purpose u. a. self-learning algorithms used.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Predictive maintenance: Evaluation of vehicle / device data in order to identify errors or defective parts at an early stage so that they can be replaced in good time. This prevents major damage that would result in a longer breakdown of a vehicle or device.
  • Data analysis can help with operational planning. For example, in the case of impending heavy rain events, those regions could be identified that have a high probability of flooding and would have to take appropriate precautions.
  • Likewise, probabilities with regard to the occurrence of forest fires could possibly be calculated so that they can be recognized in good time and fought faster and more effectively.
  • Traffic jams and extra-tour traffic obstructions could be taken into account when calculating emergency trips in order to determine the "fastest" route for emergency services.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

01 - 30

New Work

Individualization

01 - 15

Individualization

The megatrend "individualisation" is one of the biggest driving forces that is changing society and the economy massively - worldwide. People are increasingly striving to follow individual paths in life, and in doing so, wish for more autonomy and self-determination. As a result, flexible adaptations to individual requirements for emergency vehicles, equipment and other technical systems will be increasingly demanded.

02 - 15

Non-linear lifestyle

Life processes are becoming more and more unpredictable. There are fewer and fewer linear phases in life. Instead, there are new phases in life, for example due to frequent job changes or multiple training courses.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This trend could lead to multiple training courses (at a later age) or more frequent job and residence changes endangering the accustomed availability of volunteers.
  • In return, more late decision-makers could join the volunteer fire brigade in adulthood.
  • The change in CVs could sometimes lead to shorter stays in clubs, which would also affect the voluntary fire service. Adapting training concepts and rethinking the distribution of tasks would make sense here.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

03 - 15

Nomadism

Local independence thanks to digital technology and increasingly flexible work structures are promoting the trend towards digital nomadism.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This development could have a negative impact on the long-term availability of volunteers. 

trendmap.detail.other_lines

04 - 15

Mindfulness

Is the counter-trend to permanent overstimulation and describes the increased interest in thinking back on oneself and in pausing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to better prepare fire fighters physically and mentally for the incident, psychological and physical preparation and follow-up are becoming more important. Prudence in dealing with one's own body and consideration for draumatic experiences that have to be worked through will receive more mindfulness.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

05 - 15

Quality of life

Describes the pursuit of a high quality of life, in which aspects such as a healthy lifestyle, a fulfilling social life and a satisfactory work-life balance are the focus.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In terms of quality of life, new incentives must also be set in the fire service:
    • Reduction of as many risks as possible for emergency services to a minimum
    • Targeted alerting of necessary emergency services
    • Aspects such as ergonomics, safety, weight etc. are gaining in importance
    • Sufficient rest phase through good readiness coordination among colleagues
    • Etc.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

06 - 15

We culture

Describes new forms of communities, collaboration and cooperation that can do better justice to an increasingly complex world.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Collaboration & cooperation instead of competitive thinking is also becoming more and more important in the fire service. Networking with other aid and emergency organizations (e.g. Team Austria) can be an important part of this.
  • Furthermore, on the occasion of the we culture, among other things, collective purchases of vehicles and equipment among fire departments could be further promoted.
  • This trend suggests that the sense of belonging will continue to be valued in a community like the fire service in the future.

07 - 15

Everyday outsourcing

Describes the trend to outsource time-consuming everyday activities in order to be able to devote oneself to essential things in life or more useful activities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • This trend means that certain necessary everyday activities in fire departments such as B. Administrative activities are outsourced so that they can concentrate on their core activities. It would be conceivable here, for example, to receive support for various administrative activities from relevant offices or municipalities.
  • In the future, certain activities such as For example, the cleaning and maintenance of equipment or operational clothing may also be carried out by fire service outfitters.

08 - 15

Diversity

Diversity is increasingly seen as an opportunity - be it differences in terms of age, gender & orientation, origin, cultural background or focus of education.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to remain interesting for young people in the future, it will be important to position yourself as a fire brigade as a progressive institution. Attention should be paid to a gender and culture-neutral environment in which diversity is recognized as an enrichment and clichés are not given any room.
  • Due to increasing migration, more immigrants could join the fire services in the future, whereby the diversity trend is becoming more explosive.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

09 - 15

New working cultures

Start-ups with their interdisciplinary nature create an ecosystem for the exchange of resources and knowledge. They put established companies and entire industries under pressure to innovate. Their work cultures are also increasingly being adopted by large companies.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The increasing flexibility of the workplace (growing acceptance of home office activities) workstations could have a positive effect on the availability of volunteer fire brigade members (see Macrotrend Daily availability & plannability).

trendmap.detail.other_lines

10 - 15

Talent recruiting

The recruitment of young people is becoming increasingly difficult in some places and thus a decisive factor for the continued existence of the local, voluntary fire service.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigades have to adapt to the growing generation in terms of communication and online presence, among other things, and actively manage these aspects in order to become more interesting or to remain attractive for potential junior employees.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

11 - 15

Volunteering

With different drivers such as B. shorter interest cycles, rural exodus or unpredictable CVs, the willingness to volunteer is increasingly declining.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Especially in rural areas, where volunteering is a central pillar of the fire brigade, fire brigades are confronted with an increasing shortage of fire fighters, although the range of work is not decreasing. The motivation of the existing members becomes an essential success factor.
  • In addition, the "fire brigade = meaning in life" mindset could be due to different drivers such as B. the macrotrend multi-graphicsdecline, whereby one would have to reckon with increasing fluctuation among the fire fighters.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

12 - 15

Mass customization

Describes mass production based on individual customer requirements.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • For example, online configurators and the use of 3D printing as an industrial production method could enable the realization of individual wishes.

13 - 15

Personalized content

Today, content can reach the user in a personalized, context-based and proactive manner. They not only adapt dynamically to devices, but also to environmental data, preferences, social connections and even moods.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The trend towards personalized content could be used in the fire service to the effect that information is optimized and adapted accordingly depending on the situation or "role", i.e. depending on whether, for example, an operations manager, control center staff or a squad leader operates a human-machine interface.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

14 - 15

Do-It-Yourself

Describes the increasing need to create things yourself, and more and more in collaboration with others - do-it-together e.g. B. in repair cafes.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • 3D printers, construction kit kits with instructions, etc. enable and facilitate Do-It-Yourself projects in all areas

15 - 15

Micro housing

Describes the trend towards the smallest possible living space, taking into account the highest possible quality of life.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The densification of living spaces means that there is an increased risk potential per m2 of living space.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

01 - 15

Individualization

Silver Society

01 - 10

Silver Society

Life expectancy is increasing all over the world. In the fire service sector, too, the following applies: we are all not only getting older, but also ageing differently - and above all, we will grow old later on. For fire brigades this means a great opportunity. The longer the firefighters remain active and the more experience they have, the more powerful the fire brigade becomes. An important aspect in this context is the passing on of practical experience and the transmission of methodical knowledge from the older generations to the younger ones.

02 - 10

Aging population

Life expectancy is increasing around the globe. In addition, the proportion of older people is increasing Around the world the population is getting older and at the same time the number of older people is increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The population is getting older. This inevitably means that fewer and fewer young people are available for the volunteer fire brigade, which is already leading to personnel problems at many rural fire brigades.
  • Due to the increase in dementia, obesity and immobility in old age, there may be difficulties rescuing people. For this, adaptations to the rescue equipment and new rescue equipment may be necessary in the future.
  • The increase in people suffering from dementia can also lead to more searches and accidents in the household (in particular to room fires due to hotplates that have been forgotten to turn off).

03 - 10

Golden mentors

Golden Mentors want to be active after their "working phase" even after they retire and pass on the experience they have gained to others. They can be very valuable for companies and young employees, especially in phases of change.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the voluntary fire service it is important to keep older members and their experience available for as long as possible through various incentives. Passing on knowledge based on years of practical experience from the elderly to the young is seen as an important learning process. In many cases there are also so-called 60-plus initiatives at the fire brigades, with which the older and more experienced generation in particular is to be addressed.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

04 - 10

Active aging

People want to stay active even after their active work phase. Mental training and maintaining physical fitness are part of everyday life for more and more people, even after retirement.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Older people want to stay active even after retirement and get actively or passively involved in the volunteer fire service. In some (federal) states, for example, the age limit for members in active service has been raised.
  • Increasing the age limit for fire brigade members can also improve the daily availability of the emergency services.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

05 - 10

Forever youngsters

The pursuit of eternal youth as well as things like activity, health & fitness are at the center. The core group of the young at heart, 60-79 year olds, therefore doesn't want to know much about real retirement.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Many long-serving fire brigade members do not count themselves as "old iron" even in retirement. You want to continue to actively go out on missions and train with the boys during exercises.
  • Older fire brigade members who are free from work commitments may be more readily available for work during the day.

06 - 10

Universal design

Universally designed everyday products, devices or other interactive objects are designed to be as flexible, easy and intuitive to use as possible. The focus is on everyone - old and young.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Universality of design that appeals to both young people and arouses curiosity and interest in older emergency services.
  • Different generations in the fire service grew up and are familiar with different technologies. Operating functionality should be designed for different generations and genders in terms of simplicity and ergonomics.

07 - 10

Supportive tools

This essentially means technologies and tools that make everyday life easier, especially for older people and people with physical disabilities (age-appropriate assistance systems / ambient assisted living). This applies, among other things, to communication and information technologies, but also to technical tools such as exoskeletons.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Rescue workers are still operational even at an advanced age. Equipment and devices should therefore be designed accordingly (in particular their operation, ergonomics, weight, etc.) and assistance should be provided for their operation.
  • This could be remedied, for example, by power-supporting technical systems such as exoskeletons, etc. to compensate for physical weaknesses of emergency services.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

08 - 10

Smart user interface

Where Universal Design aims at the hardware-technical design of objects, an intelligent user interface should allow the user the best possible form of intuitive operation of a digital man-machine interface.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The controllability of complex systems will be guaranteed for the operator through the greatly simplified operating logic.
  • In operations, speed and clarity are essential for a successful operation and are supported by intelligent assistance.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

09 - 10

Lifelong learning

The trend towards ongoing training and lifelong learning is unbroken. Whether out of professional necessity or out of purely personal interest - many people feel the urge to develop in familiar areas or to acquire completely new knowledge and experience.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to keep the Golden Mentors in an organization longer and to be able to exploit their potential, age-appropriate and educational opportunities should be offered - also in the area of digitization. With regard to information and training material, this must be formulated appropriately for all age groups and made accessible.
  • E-learning offers support the trend towards continuous further education, regardless of time and space restrictions.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

10 - 10

Talentism

The struggle for qualified specialists is an ongoing development. The resulting competitive pressure forces companies to continuously develop their personnel management and employer brand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The threat of a shortage of skilled workers is becoming an increasing problem in the fire service too. It is becoming increasingly difficult to attract skilled young people to the fire service.
  • This makes it all the more important to document and make available the experience of emergency services, for example with regard to handling operations (e.g. in the form of instructions and guides).
  • Fewer and fewer young people are in possession of a C driver's license.
  • One possible countermeasure could be the recruitment of future firefighters in adolescence by promoting the fire brigade work as an exciting "adventure".

trendmap.detail.other_lines

01 - 10

Silver Society

New Work

Daytime availability

Describes the increasingly difficult planning of the daily availability of volunteers. The establishment of new work models and the flexibilization of working hours in professional life have a possible influence on this.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The development with regard to the home office option favors the daily availability of volunteers. Furthermore, a development towards double or multiple membership of volunteers in more than one fire brigade could defuse the situation.
  • The feedback of the operational availability, possibly via a smartphone app, is becoming more relevant due to these developments in order to be able to re-alert other fire departments early in an emergency.
  • The fact that people of retirement age are more active on a voluntary basis (e.g. in the voluntary fire brigade) could improve the daily availability situation.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

New Work

Permanent Beta

Describes the trend that products, processes, projects, the individual professional biography or the employment status are in a permanent change and adjustment mode that never comes to an end.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Ever-evolving software and user interfaces increasingly require that the fire service and the actors involved are in permanent beta mode, in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. It is important that the operator is not overwhelmed by a constantly changing range of functions.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

New Work

Service economy

Service is becoming one of the most relevant economic variables worldwide. Services that save the customer time therefore gain in value.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the increasing networking of vehicles, equipment and the like, more digital service and fleet management solutions can be offered by fire service outfitters in the future.
  • In addition to the expansion of digital solutions, the trend could sometimes lead to fire service outfitters increasingly appearing as total solution or system providers in the future. This could also include mobile service units, which can fix problems quickly and without great delay in the event of a failure or defect in vehicles or equipment and make rental objects available as quickly as possible.

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Security

Trust Technology

Not only economic interests, but also aspects such as transparency, trust and security are becoming essential elements in the development of new technologies or applications. For example, the GDPR also contributes by providing data protection and privacy-friendly default settings directly in the development.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Aspects such as emergency operation modes, system reliability and failure safety are becoming increasingly important and also a prerequisite. In this context, the early detection of errors and thus the avoidance of failures play an important role.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Authority acceptance

The young generation is redefining authority and the acceptance of people with higher hierarchical positions - competence, experience and correct communicative interaction are decisive for respect.

Possible effects on fire services: 

  • The change in the younger generation's understanding of authority could become a challenge in the fire service, where compliance with strict hierarchies is sometimes essential.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Super-safe society

Describes the positive development in security affinity in almost all areas. If you ignore current developments, namely Covid-19, we are actually living in one of the safest times of all.

Possible effects on fire services: 

  • The safety and reliability of all equipment and vehicles are becoming more and more important (e.g. occupant protection)
  • The topic of long-term consequences in dangerous operations is increasingly being discussed and gaining in importance.
  • The direct endangerment of emergency services should be minimized to the effect that z. B. buildings no longer have to be entered.
  • Since the violence against emergency services increases, it is becoming more and more important to protect them with the help of appropriate protective clothing.
  • Preventive fire protection is becoming more important. Smart, networked fire alarms are also being used more and more often in your own private four walls.
  • Products, technologies and services that increase the safety of the emergency services are gaining in importance (e.g. respiratory protection monitoring / tracking).
  • In the course of the increased need for security, the importance of emergency site hygiene is also increasing for the emergency services, with awareness of the dangers of contaminated operational clothing, contaminated fire fighting water, etc. being heightened.
  • Legal security, i.e. legal protection through insurance products, could also become more relevant for fire service members in the future.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Flexicurity

Hidden security describes the omnipresent conflict between the desired security and the necessary agility or willingness to take risks. This is understood to mean the need to compromise between security needs and flexibility requirements.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The complexity (of the technology), which ensures product safety on the one hand and reliability on the other, must not hinder or deter the operator when using it, but must nevertheless be designed to be intuitive and simple. Here, "security" can also be aesthetically pleasing through function-oriented design.
  • Aspects such as ergonomics and usability in the operation of products and emergency equipment can make a significant contribution to the safety of the emergency services.
  • Devices and systems must be designed to support security and be so intelligent that operating errors are not permitted or prevented at all.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Simplexity

Describes the increasing need for simple, intuitive operability and thus user-friendliness of complex systems or programs - because simplicity is central to a successful user experience with human-machine interfaces.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Since fire brigades are constantly having to deal with new devices due to the increasing range of tasks they have to `` practice '' and master, intuitive and simple operation both in standard use and in emergency situations where rapid action is required increasingly central role. The complexity of the technology in the devices must not hinder or deter the operator.
  • Furthermore, a simple, standardized graphic design of digital teaching materials, human-machine interfaces or the like could be promoted, which contribute to an improved understanding of fire-fighting technology and deployment tactics.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Connectivity

Security

Dependency on electricity

Due to the increasing electrification of many systems in different areas of life, the uninterrupted availability of electricity is becoming increasingly important.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The probability of blackout scenarios increases with increasing power consumption (digitization, automation, etc.), which would also pose enormous challenges for the fire service:
    • In the event of a blackout, the availability of emergency services could be severely limited - especially the availability of volunteers, as these would also be directly affected by the blackout.
    • The availability of fuel, indirectly (filling stations for combustion engines) or directly (electric drives) could be severely limited or paralyzed.
    • Communication tools or networks (battery-operated devices, cell phones and radio antennas that may not be able to operate for a longer period of time) could be severely restricted in their functionality or be paralyzed.
    • Traffic and transport routes would also most likely be affected by the failure of traffic lights and traffic control systems.
    • The emergency power supply of certain systems such as cooling systems, ventilation systems in industrial plants, agriculture etc. would be particularly important in this case.
  • A large part of the fires is caused by electricity (approx. 30% in Germany). With the increase in electricity consumers and battery-operated devices in the household, the potential risk of fires increases.
  • In addition to an increasing number of electricity consumers, the structures for local electricity production (e.g. photovoltaic systems, home battery storage systems, etc.) could also represent an additional hazard potential as a possible source of fire.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Connectivity

Security

Privacy

Privacy and data protection are becoming more important. Where privacy now has to be actively created and thus become a technical on-off option (e.g. cookies), data protection becomes more sensitive (GDPR).

Mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Feuerwehr:

  • Preserving the privacy and identity of victims (e.g. privacy protection in the event of accidents) and emergency services is becoming a more important issue that needs to be actively managed.
  • The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is becoming more and more relevant in the fire service context. In this regard, for example, more than ever, the careful and legally compliant handling of personal data such as B. Care should be taken when publishing pictures of people on the Internet or in the press or when processing the data of fire service members. The topic of data recording for (health) monitoring of fire brigade members should also be considered here.
  • As a result, the requirements for access security, internal fire brigade information or databases will also increase. Furthermore, the topic of identity management can also gain in importance in the area of operating emergency vehicles and devices. 
  • Also to be considered is the careful private handling of, for example, pictures & videos of missions or exercises that are shared in social networks, WhatsApp groups or the like. Social networks offer undreamt-of attack surfaces for individual emergency services or tactics / procedures during operations. Here the danger of so-called shit storms triggered by mishaps filmed during operations or the non-compliant use of fire fighting equipment could become a significant problem.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Health

Security

Connectivity

E-health

Describes digital technologies (apps, fitness bands, smartwatches, etc.) that are used for health care and medical self-regulation. By transmitting, storing and processing the data, conclusions can be drawn about the state of health of the respective person.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to the heavy physical strain during operations, exercises or performance checks, the trend of health monitoring in the fire service context is of particular importance. Smart, networked personal protective equipment and devices that are necessary for this could be useful in different situations:
    • Warning of the emergency services in the event of critical health parameters and vital data (e.g. blood pressure, body temperature, oxygen content, etc.) and forwarding to persons in charge of operations (operations management system) or control centers
    • Warning of the emergency services about health-endangering situations (e.g. spreading gases, impending flashover, carbon dioxide content, etc.), for example in the course of respiratory protection
    • Etc.
  • In addition to support during the mission or during exercises, tools for health monitoring could also be used in advance as a possible basis for decision-making about the operational capability of the respective emergency worker (digital vital key).
  • It should be noted that smart, networked clothing requires an appropriate power supply, which subsequently means that batteries are always sufficiently charged.
  • Integrated functions must function perfectly even under extreme conditions such as heat, moisture, cold, etc. - that means the firefighter must be able to rely on them.
  • The subject of data protection must be taken into account when monitoring the health of emergency services (see Macrotrend Data protection).

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Globalization

Terrorism & aggression

The number of terrorist acts as well as the (perceived) aggression in society has increased in some places over the past decade.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In addition to the threat to the general population, emergency services from blue-light organizations, including firefighters, are exposed to insults or violent attacks.
  • Even if only sporadically, there are repeated terrorist attacks with catastrophic consequences for the local population. In such cases, emergency services are faced with enormous challenges for which it is necessary to equip and prepare as best as possible. 

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Silver Society

Aging population

Life expectancy is increasing around the globe. In addition, the proportion of older people is increasing Around the world the population is getting older and at the same time the number of older people is increasing.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The population is getting older. This inevitably means that fewer and fewer young people are available for the volunteer fire brigade, which is already leading to personnel problems at many rural fire brigades.
  • Due to the increase in dementia, obesity and immobility in old age, there may be difficulties rescuing people. For this, adaptations to the rescue equipment and new rescue equipment may be necessary in the future.
  • The increase in people suffering from dementia can also lead to more searches and accidents in the household (in particular to room fires due to hotplates that have been forgotten to turn off).

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Globalization

Transparency markets

Origin, regionality and responsibility become important purchasing arguments. Consumers want to know where products come from, how and by whom they were made. Blockchain technology can be used as a suitable means for the required transparency.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Aspects such as the traceability of the product origin or the (manipulation-) secure access to information on system descriptions could become more transparent in the future, for example through the use of blockchain technology.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Silver Society

Knowledge Culture

Golden mentors

Golden Mentors want to be active after their "working phase" even after they retire and pass on the experience they have gained to others. They can be very valuable for companies and young employees, especially in phases of change.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the voluntary fire service it is important to keep older members and their experience available for as long as possible through various incentives. Passing on knowledge based on years of practical experience from the elderly to the young is seen as an important learning process. In many cases there are also so-called 60-plus initiatives at the fire brigades, with which the older and more experienced generation in particular is to be addressed.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Silver Society

Health

Active aging

People want to stay active even after their active work phase. Mental training and maintaining physical fitness are part of everyday life for more and more people, even after retirement.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Older people want to stay active even after retirement and get actively or passively involved in the volunteer fire service. In some (federal) states, for example, the age limit for members in active service has been raised.
  • Increasing the age limit for fire brigade members can also improve the daily availability of the emergency services.

trendmap.detail.other_lines

Security

Globalization

Neo-nationalism vs. generation global

Describes the emerging social opposing poles in the field of tension between protectionist attitudes of right-wing populist movements in some countries on the one hand and a growing generation that thinks, lives and acts globally on the other.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • National policy could lead to a country's defense and armaments expenditure being prioritized from a budgetary point of view, which could result in a lack of financial resources in the area of security and disaster control, which affects the fire service.
  • Global challenges (e.g. natural disasters due to climate change or large-scale forest fires), which also directly affect the fire service, may require cross-border cooperation.

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Globalization

Multipolar world order

In the future, the world will be ruled by several powerful forces that divide power and influence among themselves. The supremacy of the USA and Europe will loosen up further in the future.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The international endeavors to regulate fire fighting technology are changing.

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Silver Society

Forever youngsters

The pursuit of eternal youth as well as things like activity, health & fitness are at the center. The core group of the young at heart, 60-79 year olds, therefore doesn't want to know much about real retirement.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Many long-serving fire brigade members do not count themselves as "old iron" even in retirement. You want to continue to actively go out on missions and train with the boys during exercises.
  • Older fire brigade members who are free from work commitments may be more readily available for work during the day.

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New Work

Urbanization

Rural exodus

Describes the migration from the country to the city. Cities promise more economic prosperity and access to resources. Old industrial character, ailing infrastructure or a lack of economic prospects in countries with an aging population lead to an exodus of the population from the cities.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Migration to cities can lead to declining membership numbers in rural areas. This can affect the daily availability of volunteer fire brigades. One could counteract this, for example, with member recruitment. 

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Silver Society

Universal design

Universally designed everyday products, devices or other interactive objects are designed to be as flexible, easy and intuitive to use as possible. The focus is on everyone - old and young.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Universality of design that appeals to both young people and arouses curiosity and interest in older emergency services.
  • Different generations in the fire service grew up and are familiar with different technologies. Operating functionality should be designed for different generations and genders in terms of simplicity and ergonomics.

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Silver Society

Health

Connectivity

Supportive tools

This essentially means technologies and tools that make everyday life easier, especially for older people and people with physical disabilities (age-appropriate assistance systems / ambient assisted living). This applies, among other things, to communication and information technologies, but also to technical tools such as exoskeletons.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Rescue workers are still operational even at an advanced age. Equipment and devices should therefore be designed accordingly (in particular their operation, ergonomics, weight, etc.) and assistance should be provided for their operation.
  • This could be remedied, for example, by power-supporting technical systems such as exoskeletons, etc. to compensate for physical weaknesses of emergency services.

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Silver Society

Connectivity

Smart user interface

Where Universal Design aims at the hardware-technical design of objects, an intelligent user interface should allow the user the best possible form of intuitive operation of a digital man-machine interface.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The controllability of complex systems will be guaranteed for the operator through the greatly simplified operating logic.
  • In operations, speed and clarity are essential for a successful operation and are supported by intelligent assistance.

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Silver Society

New Work

Knowledge Culture

Lifelong learning

The trend towards ongoing training and lifelong learning is unbroken. Whether out of professional necessity or out of purely personal interest - many people feel the urge to develop in familiar areas or to acquire completely new knowledge and experience.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In order to keep the Golden Mentors in an organization longer and to be able to exploit their potential, age-appropriate and educational opportunities should be offered - also in the area of digitization. With regard to information and training material, this must be formulated appropriately for all age groups and made accessible.
  • E-learning offers support the trend towards continuous further education, regardless of time and space restrictions.

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Silver Society

New Work

Knowledge Culture

Talentism

The struggle for qualified specialists is an ongoing development. The resulting competitive pressure forces companies to continuously develop their personnel management and employer brand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • The threat of a shortage of skilled workers is becoming an increasing problem in the fire service too. It is becoming increasingly difficult to attract skilled young people to the fire service.
  • This makes it all the more important to document and make available the experience of emergency services, for example with regard to handling operations (e.g. in the form of instructions and guides).
  • Fewer and fewer young people are in possession of a C driver's license.
  • One possible countermeasure could be the recruitment of future firefighters in adolescence by promoting the fire brigade work as an exciting "adventure".

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Connectivity

Social networks

Social networks such as Facebook, Snapchat, WhatsApp or Twitter are deeply anchored in our everyday lives and also form a central interface for organizations to communicate with customers, employees and other stakeholders.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Social networks and media can have many advantages for fire departments:
    • Possibility of community formation (blogs or forums) among the fire brigades for the purpose of exchanging experiences and exchanging equipment and vehicles
    • Means to improve the image or to create closeness to the citizen and transparency among the population, which is all done by the fire brigade
    • A suitable means of recruiting members - especially in the field of youth fire brigades
    • Etc.
  • In addition to advantages, social networks also offer attack surfaces for fire brigades, for which digital reputation as a trust organization sometimes plays a special role:
    • Publication of breakdowns by third parties
    • Photos & videos of victims by fire fighters or third parties
    • Danger of shitstorms
    • etc. (See Macrotrend Data protection).
  • Here it is important to teach attentive handling of information on the Internet that arises around the fire service and to create appropriate awareness.

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Connectivity

Information visualization

Describes the increasing need to prepare information and data lakes graphically in such a way that they are easy to understand and so that connections can also be easily recognized.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • In the course of this trend, fire service outfitters will continue to promote the intuitive, tidy & uniform design of human-machine interfaces for vehicle and device controls as well as of deployment management systems and apps.
  • In addition, new display options such as augmented reality solutions integrated in protective equipment (e.g. in the helmet visor) could represent an option for the clear visualization of relevant information. 
  • In the course of this trend, the individual, target group-oriented presentation of information could also be a significant advantage. Only the most relevant information for the respective role would be shown (see Macrotrend Personalized content). 
  • In the sense of easy retrieval of information, operating instructions including videos and simulations, for example, could in future be retrieved online and thus by the fire brigades on site via smartphone or the deployment management system.

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New Work

Urbanization

Merging fire departments

Tense budgetary situations with regard to equipment and vehicle procurement, declining membership numbers in the volunteer fire brigades, but also strategic considerations are increasingly leading to the merging of fire brigades.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Due to savings measures in community budgets and the rural exodus, which leads to a decline in the number of active emergency services, there may be an increasing number of fire brigades being merged. As a result, the renewed formation of comradeship as well as increased cooperation between comrades is necessary.
  • The merging of fire brigades could result in longer engagement times for comrades as well as longer travel times to locations and thus have a negative effect on the operational capability with regard to the relief period.
  • Another consequence could be the resignation of emergency services who do not accept the merger with other fire departments.

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Security

Urbanization

Globalization

Populationgrowth

Describes the development of an increasing population worldwide, which presents cities in particular with major challenges.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Basically, it can be assumed that more people in a confined space can lead to an increased risk potential and operational risk.
  • Since the growing world population will be largely distributed among cities, it must be assumed that already densely populated areas will continue to be burdened with overcrowded traffic routes. For this reason, alternative tactics in the form of fire fighting from the air or the use of underground transport networks (underground) could increasingly be considered in the future. (See Macrotrends Megacities & Dense Spaces / Traffic Volume)
     

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Neo-Ecology

Alternative financing

Due to the limited financial resources of the public budget, less money will also be available for the fire services. Alternative forms of financing are therefore increasingly in demand.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Fire brigades could benefit from alternative financing and procurement models for fire vehicles and equipment. For example, leasing or loan or rental concepts could become an attractive alternative for economically weak communities / cities.
  • Another option for alternative forms of financing could also be "crowdfunding" or "crowd investing", where the funds required to procure vehicles or equipment are made available by the crowd.

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Security

Neo-Ecology

Global threats

Where on the one hand we live in the safest of all times, real threats such as terrorist attacks are increasing in some places. Triggered by media reporting, however, a picture of the global threat emerges. In addition to terrorism, epidemics can become a global threat by developing into a pandemic - this has recently been seen with COVID-19.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • Terrorist attacks also pose immense challenges to aid workers and emergency services and bring them into dangerous and unpredictable situations. In such situations, for example, not only does the endangerment of the emergency services play an important role, but also large mass movements and traffic chaos on the streets.
  • Pandemics such as Covid-19 also pose major challenges for fire services around the world. If they are called to work, there is usually imminent danger and therefore rapid action is required. Loss of emergency personnel due to infection can pose an additional problem for the safety of the population if they are not available to provide help in a timely manner. The applicable safety measures such as wearing protective masks and clothing, maintaining safety distances etc. are also aspects that make the work of the emergency services more difficult.

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Urbanization

Security

Neo-Ecology

Alternative emergency power supply

Due to the increasing dependence on electricitythe need for an alternative power supply is increasing, which apart from the conventional power grid also provides energy in emergency and crisis situations.

Possible effects on fire brigades:

  • It is becoming more and more relevant for fire brigades to be energy self-sufficient both during operations and stationary in order to be prepared for blackout scenarios.

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